2.765

2022影响因子

(CJCR)

  • 中文核心
  • EI
  • 中国科技核心
  • Scopus
  • CSCD
  • 英国科学文摘

留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

基于区块链的数字货币发展现状与展望

李娟娟 袁勇 王飞跃

李娟娟, 袁勇, 王飞跃. 基于区块链的数字货币发展现状与展望. 自动化学报, 2021, 47(4): 715−729 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210018
引用本文: 李娟娟, 袁勇, 王飞跃. 基于区块链的数字货币发展现状与展望. 自动化学报, 2021, 47(4): 715−729 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210018
Li Juan-Juan, Yuan Yong, Wang Fei-Yue. Blockchain-based digital currency: The state of the art and future trends. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2021, 47(4): 715−729 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210018
Citation: Li Juan-Juan, Yuan Yong, Wang Fei-Yue. Blockchain-based digital currency: The state of the art and future trends. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2021, 47(4): 715−729 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210018

基于区块链的数字货币发展现状与展望

doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210018
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划专项 (2018AAA0101401), 国家自然科学基金 (61533019), 澳门科学技术发展基金(0050/2020/A1)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    李娟娟:北京理工大学自动化学院博士, 中国科学院自动化研究所复杂系统管理与控制国家重点实验室助理研究员. 2010年获中国人民大学经济学硕士学位. 主要研究方向为区块链, 计算经济学. 本文通信作者. E-mail: juanjuan.li@ia.ac.cn

    袁勇:中国人民大学数学学院教授, 中国自动化学会区块链专委会主任. 2008年获得山东科技大学计算机软件与理论专业博士学位. 主要研究方向为区块链, 计算经济学. E-mail: yong.yuan@ruc.edu.cn

    王飞跃:中国科学院自动化研究所复杂系统管理与控制国家重点实验室主任, 国防科技大学军事计算实验与平行系统技术研究中心主任, 中国科学院大学中国经济与社会安全研究中心主任, 青岛智能产业技术研究院院长. 主要研究方向为平行系统的方法与应用, 社会计算, 平行智能和知识自动化. E-mail: feiyue.wang@ia.ac.cn

Blockchain-based Digital Currency: The State of the Art and Future Trends

Funds: Supported by National Key Research and Development Program of China (2018AAA0101401), National Natural Science Foundation of China (61533019), The Science and Technology Development Fund of Macau SAR (0050/2020/A1)
More Information
    Author Bio:

    LI Juan-Juan Ph. D. candidate at School of Automation, Beijing Institute of Technology, and assistant professor at the State Key Laboratory for Management and Control of Complex Systems, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences. She received her master degree in economics from Renmin University of China in 2010. Her research interest covers blockchain, and computational economics. Corresponding author of this paper

    YUAN Yong Professor at the School of Mathematics, Renmin University of China. He is also the director of Technical Committee on Blockchain, Chinese Association of Automation. He received his Ph. D. degree in computer software and theory from Shandong University of Science and Technology in 2008. His research interest covers blockchain, and computational economics

    WANG Fei-Yue Director of the State Key Laboratory for Management and Control of Complex Systems, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Director of the Research Center for Computational Experiments and Parallel Systems Technology, National University of Defense Technology. Director of China Economic and Social Security Research Center in University of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Dean of Qingdao Academy of Intelligent Industries. His research interest covers methods and applications for parallel systems, social computing, parallel intelligence, and knowledge automation

  • 摘要: 数字货币(Digital currency)作为区块链技术迄今为止最典型也最成功的应用, 得益于区块链分布式共识与去中心化信任的技术优势, 也促使了区块链技术与经济活动的深度融合, 并由此改变了数字社会的组织方式. 近年来, 无论是在基础理论研究方面, 还是在实践应用发展方面, 数字货币均呈现出了蓬勃向上的态势. 本文从技术创新、机制设计以及风险监管三个角度梳理了数字货币的主要研究问题, 详细阐述了基础支撑技术、隐私保护技术、共识机制、激励机制、币值机制、发行机制、风险分析、监管考量等方面的研究进展、存在问题及应用现状, 并展望了未来重点研究方向, 致力于为数字货币领域的研究提供有益借鉴.
  • 图  1  本文研究框架

    Fig.  1  The research framework

    图  2  基于PoW与PoS的共识机制改进

    Fig.  2  The improved blockchain consensus algorithms based on PoW and PoS

    图  3  矿工挖矿与交易验证流程

    Fig.  3  The mining and transaction confirmation process

    表  1  已有交易定价机制的比较

    Table  1  The comparison of pricing mechanisms

    机制 动态稳定性 激励相容性 计算复杂度
    GFP 不具备 不具备 不复杂
    MP 具备 在用户数量足够多的情况下具备 不复杂
    GSP 具备 不具备 不复杂
    VCG 具备 具备 复杂
    RSOP 具备 未知 较复杂
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] Ferguson N. The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World. London: Allen Lane, 2008.
    [2] Hayek F A. Denationalisation of Money: The Argument Refined. New York: Transatlantic Arts, 1977.
    [3] Chaum D. Blind signatures for untraceable payments. Advances in Cryptology. Boston, MA: Springer, 1983. 199−203
    [4] Nakamoto S. Bitcoin: A peer-to-peer electronic cash system [Online], available: https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf, October 31, 2008
    [5] 朱阁. 数字货币的概念辨析与问题争议. 价值工程, 2015, 34(31): 163−167

    Zhu Ge. The concept and controvery of digital currency. Value Engineering, 2015, 34(31): 163−167
    [6] 姚前, 汤莹玮. 关于央行法定数字货币的若干思考. 金融研究, 2017(7): 78−85

    Yao Qian, Tang Ying-Wei. Some thoughts on central bank-issued digital currency. Journal of Financial Research, 2017(7): 78−85
    [7] 袁勇, 王飞跃. 区块链理论与方法. 北京: 清华大学出版社, 2019.

    Yuan Yong, Wang Fei-Yue. Blockchain Theory and Method. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 2019.
    [8] 李真, 刘颖格, 戴祎程. Libra稳定币对我国货币政策的影响及应对策略. 西安交通大学学报(社会科学版), 2020, 40(3): 55−63

    Li Zhen, Liu Ying-Ge, Dai Yi-Cheng. The impact of Libra on China′s monetary policy and its countermeasures. Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University (Social Sciences), 2020, 40(3): 55−63
    [9] Yuan Y, Wang F Y. Blockchain and cryptocurrencies: Model, techniques, and applications. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems, 2018, 48(9): 1421−1428 doi: 10.1109/TSMC.2018.2854904
    [10] Ali R, Barrdear J, Clews R, Southgate J. Innovations in payment technologies and the emergence of digital currencies. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, 2014, 54(3): 262−275
    [11] Zarifis A, Cheng X S, Dimitriou S, Efthymiou L. Trust in digital currency enabled transactions model. In: Proceedings of the 9th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems (MCIS). Samos, Greece: The Association for Information Systems, 2015. 1−8
    [12] 张纪腾. 区块链及超主权数字货币视角下的国际货币体系改革—以E-SDR的创新与尝试为例. 国际展望, 2019(6): 20−45

    Zhang Ji-Teng. Blockchain, super-sovereign digital currency, and reform of the international monetary system: The case of E-SDR. Global Review, 2019(6): 20−45
    [13] Clark J, Essex A. CommitCoin: Carbon dating commitments with Bitcoin. In: Proceeding of the 2012 International Conference on Financial Cryptography and Data Proceedings of the 2012 Security. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012. 390−398
    [14] 谢开斌. 基于区块链的数字货币演化. 计算机应用研究, 2019, 36(7): 1935−1939

    Xie Kai-Bin. Study on evolution of digital currency based on blockchain. Application Research of Computers, 2019, 36(7): 1935−1939
    [15] Zhang L C, Mao Y Q. Discussion on the development prospect of digital currency based on blockchain technology. In: Proceedings of the 2018 International Workshop on Advances in Social Sciences (IWASS 2018). Hong Kong, China: Francis Academic Press, 2018. 1249−1252
    [16] Abboushi S. Global virtual currency-brief overview. Journal of Applied Business and Economics, 2017, 19(6): 10−18
    [17] Balvers R J, McDonald B. Designing a global digital currency. Journal of International Money and Finance, DOI: 10.1016/j.jimonfin.2020.102317
    [18] 杨涛. 区块链技术创新发展数字货币的研究综述. 时代金融, 2017(4): 305−307

    Yang Tao. Review on the researches of digital currency based on blockchain technology. Times Finance, 2017(4): 305−307
    [19] 朱少平. 关于区块链与数字货币的思考. 清华金融评论, 2018(4): 83−86

    Zhu Shao-Ping. Thoughts on blockchain and digital currency. Tsinghua Financial Review, 2018(4): 83−86
    [20] 斯雪明, 徐蜜雪, 苑超. 区块链安全研究综述. 密码学报, 2018, 5(5): 458−469

    Si Xue-Ming, Xu Mi-Xue, Yuan Chao. Survey on security of blockchain. Journal of Cryptologic Research, 2018, 5(5): 458−469
    [21] 黄瑛. 基于区块链技术的数字货币发展综述. 中国金融电脑, 2019(6): 78−81

    Huang Ying. Survey on blockchain-based digital currency. Financial Computer of China, 2019(6): 78−81
    [22] Yao Q. A systematic framework to understand central bank digital currency. Science China Information Sciences, 2018, 61(3): 033101 doi: 10.1007/s11432-017-9294-5
    [23] 张伟, 陈旸. 区块链技术在数字货币应用中的前景与挑战. 清华金融评论, 2017(4): 34−36

    Zhang Wei, Chen Yang. Prospects and challenges of blockchain technology applied in digital currency. Tsinghua Financial Review, 2017(4): 34−36
    [24] 肖风. 从公有链到私有链: 区块链回归现实. 当代金融家, 2016(2): 35−37

    Xiao Feng. From public chain to private chain: Blockchain returns to reality. Modern Bankers, 2016(2): 35−37
    [25] 韩锋, 刘一方, 孙雪强. 央行发行数字货币必须基于公有链. 清华金融评论, 2016(6): 99−102

    Han Feng, Liu Yi-Fang, Sun Xue-Qiang. The central bank′s issuing of digital currency must be based on the public chain. Tsinghua Financial Review, 2016(6): 99−102
    [26] Danezis G, Meiklejohn S. Centrally banked cryptocurrencies. arXiv:1505.06895, 2015.
    [27] Raskin M, Yermack D. Digital currencies, decentralized ledgers and the future of central banking. Research Handbook on Central Banking. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018. 474−486
    [28] 蔡钊. 区块链技术及其在金融行业的应用初探. 中国金融电脑, 2016(2): 30−34

    Cai Zhao. Blockchain technology and its application in financial industry. Financial Computer of China, 2016(2): 30−34
    [29] 付烁, 徐海霞, 李佩丽, 马添军. 数字货币的匿名性研究. 计算机学报, 2018, 42(5): 1045−1062

    Fu Shuo, Xu Hai-Xia, Li Pei-Li, Ma Tian-Jun. A survey on anonymity of digital currency. Chinese Journal of Computers, 2018, 42(5): 1045−1062
    [30] Conti M, Kumar E S, Lal C, Ruj S. A survey on security and privacy issues of Bitcoin. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, 2018, 20(4): 3416−3452
    [31] Maxwell G. CoinJoin: Bitcoin privacy for the real world [Online], available: https://bitcointalk.org/?topic=279249, August 1, 2013
    [32] Ruffing T, Moreno-Sanchez P, Kate A. CoinShuffle: Practical decentralized coin mixing for Bitcoin. In: Proceedings of the 2014 European Symposium on Research in Computer Security (ESORICS). Wroclaw, Poland: Springer-Verlag, 2014. 345−364
    [33] Ziegeldorf J H, Grossmann F, Henze M, Inden N, Wehrle K. CoinParty: Secure multi-party mixing of Bitcoins. In: Proceedings of the 5th ACM Conference on Data and Application Security and Privacy. San Antonio, Texas, USA: ACM, 2015. 75−86
    [34] Ibrahim M H. SecureCoin: A robust secure and efficient protocol for anonymous Bitcoin ecosystem. International Journal of Network Security, 2017, 19(2): 295−312
    [35] 彭育兴, 魏波. 基于环签名的数字货币隐私保护技术. 网络空间安全, 2019, 10(3): 99−104

    Peng Yu-Xing, Wei Bo. Enhancing anonymity of Cryptocurrency based on ring signature algorithm. Cyberspace Security, 2019, 10(3): 99−104
    [36] Bonneau J, Narayanan A, Miller A, Clark J, Kroll J A, Felten E W. Mixcoin: Anonymity for Bitcoin with accountable mixes. In: Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Financial Cryptography and Data Security. Christ Church, Barbados: Springer, 2014. 486−504
    [37] Valenta L, Rowan B. Blindcoin: Blinded, accountable mixes for Bitcoin. In: Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Financial Cryptography and Data Security. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Springer, 2015. 112−126
    [38] Heilman E, Alshenibr L, Baldimtsi F, Scafuro A, Goldberg S. TumbleBit: An untrusted Bitcoin-compatible anonymous payment hub. Network & Distributed System Security Symposium. San Diego, California, USA: Internet Society, 2017. 1−15
    [39] 包子健, 王庆豪, 张永欣, 王斌, 鲁宁, 史闻博. 可监管的比特币隐私保护混淆服务. 网络与信息安全学报, 2019, 5(4): 40−51

    Bao Zi-Jian, Wang Qing-Hao, Zhang Yong-Xin, Wang Bin, Lu Ning, Shi Wen-Bo. Regulatory Bitcoin privacy-preserving mixing service. Chinese Journal of Network and Information Security, 2019, 5(4): 40−51
    [40] 唐长兵, 杨珍, 郑忠龙, 陈中育, 李翔. PoW共识算法中的博弈困境分析与优化. 自动化学报, 2017, 43(9): 1520−1531

    Tang Chang-Bing, Yang Zhen, Zheng Zhong-Long, Chen Zhong-Yu, Li Xiang. Game dilemma analysis and optimization of PoW consensus algorithm. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2017, 43(9): 1520−1531
    [41] 夏清, 张凤军, 左春. 加密数字货币系统共识机制综述. 计算机系统应用, 2017, 26(4): 1−8

    Xia Qing, Zhang Feng-Jun, Zuo Chun. Review for consensus mechanism of cryptocurrency system. Computer Systems and Applications, 2017, 26(4): 1−8
    [42] 袁勇, 倪晓春, 曾帅, 王飞跃. 区块链共识算法的发展现状与展望. 自动化学报, 2018, 44(11): 2011−2022

    Yuan Yong, Ni Xiao-Chun, Zeng Shuai, Wang Fei-Yue. Blockchain consensus algorithms: The state of the art and future trends. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2018, 44(11): 2011−2022
    [43] Ren L. Proof of stake velocity: Building the social currency of the digital age [Online], available: https://assets.coss.io/documents/whitepapers/reddcoin.pdf, April 10, 2018
    [44] Stewart I. Iain Stewart′ s version of proof of burn [Online], available: https://en.bitcoin.it/wiki/Proof_of_burn, January 15, 2018
    [45] Bentov I, Lee C, Mizrahi A, Rosenfeld M. Proof of activity: Extending Bitcoin′s proof of work via proof of stake. ACM SIGMETRICS Performance Evaluation Review, 2014, 42(3): 34−37 doi: 10.1145/2695533.2695545
    [46] Gunduz D, Devillers B. Two-hop communication with energy harvesting. In: Proceedings of the 4th IEEE International Workshop on Computational Advances in Multi-Sensor Adaptive Processing. San Juan, PR, USA: IEEE, 2011. 201−204
    [47] Kwon J. Tendermint: Consensus without mining [Online], available: http://tendermint.com/static/docs/tendermint.pdf, April 18, 2016
    [48] Zamfir V.Introducing Casper “the friendly ghost” [Online], available: https://blog.ethereum.org/2015/08/01/introducing-casper-friendly-ghost, August 1, 2015
    [49] Miller A, Xia Y, Croman K, Shi E, Song D. The honey badger of BFT protocols. In: Proceedings of the 2016 ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security. Vienna, Austria: ACM, 2016. 31−42
    [50] Kiayias A, Russell A, David B, Oliynykov R. Ouroboros: A provably secure proof-of-stake blockchain protocol. In: Proceedings of the 2017 Annual International Cryptology Conference. Santa Barbara, USA: Springer, 2017. 357−388
    [51] Goodman L M. Tezos-a self-amending crypto-ledger White paper [Online], available: https://www.tezos.com/static/papers/white_paper.pdf, September 2, 2014
    [52] Eyal I, Gencer A E, Sirer E G, Van Renesse R. Bitcoin-NG: A scalable blockchain protocol. arXiv:1510.02037, 2015.
    [53] Kokoris-Kogias E, Jovanovic P, Gailly N, Khoffi I, Gasser L, Ford B. Enhancing bitcoin security and performance with strong consistency via collective signing. In: Proceedings of the 25th USENIX Conference on Security Symposium. Berkeley, CA, United States: USENIX Association, 2016. 279−296
    [54] Luu L, Narayanan V, Zheng C D, Baweja K, Gilbert S, Saxena P. A secure sharding protocol for open blockchains. In: Proceedings of the 2016 ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer & Communications Security. Vienna, Austria: ACM, 2016. 17−30
    [55] Kokoris-Kogias E, Jovanovic P, Gasser L, Gailly N, Syta E, Ford B. OmniLedger: A secure, scale-out, decentralized ledger via sharding. In: Proceedings of the 2018 IEEE Symposium on Security and Privacy (SP). San Francisco, CA, USA: IEEE, 2018. 583-598
    [56] Chen L, Xu L, Shah N, Gao Z M, Lu Y, Shi W D. On security analysis of proof-of-elapsed-time (PoET). In: Proceedings of the 2017 International Symposium on Stabilization, Safety, and Security of Distributed Systems. Boston, MA, USA: Springer, 2017. 282−297
    [57] Milutinovic M, He W, Wu H, Kanwal M. Proof of luck: An efficient blockchain consensus protocol. arXiv: 1703.05435, 2017.
    [58] Abusalah H, Alwen J, Cohen B, Khilko D, Pietrzak K, Reyzin L. Beyond Hellman′s time-memory trade-offs with applications to proofs of space. In: Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security. Hong Kong, China: Springer, 2017. 357−379
    [59] Dong Z L, Lee Y C, Zomaya A Y. Proofware: Proof of useful work blockchain consensus protocol for decentralized applications. arXiv: 1903.09276, 2019.
    [60] Copeland C, Zhong H X. Tangaroa: A byzantine fault tolerant raft [Online], available: http://www.scs.stanford.edu/14au-cs244b/labs/projects/copeland_zhong.pdf, December 30, 2014
    [61] Gilad Y, Hemo R, Micali S, Vlachos G, Zeldovich N. Algorand: Scaling byzantine agreements for cryptocurrencies. In: Proceedings of the 26th Symposium on Operating Systems Principles. Shanghai, China: ACM, 2017. 51−68
    [62] Rosenfeld M. Analysis of Bitcoin pooled mining reward systems. arXiv:1112.4980, 2011.
    [63] Qin R, Yuan Y, Wang F Y. A novel hybrid share reporting strategy for blockchain miners in PPLNS pools. Decision Support Systems, 2019, 118: 91−101 doi: 10.1016/j.dss.2019.01.006
    [64] Schrijvers O, Bonneau J, Boneh D, Roughgarden T. Incentive compatibility of Bitcoin mining pool reward functions. In: Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Financial Cryptography and Data Security. Christ Church, Barbados: Springer, 2016. 477−498
    [65] Zolotavkin Y, Garcia J, Rudolph C. Incentive compatibility of pay per last N shares in Bitcoin mining pools. In: Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Decision and Game Theory for Security. Vienna, Austria: Springer, 2017. 21−39
    [66] Zhang R, Preneel B. Publish or perish: A backward-compatible defense against selfish mining in Bitcoin. In: Proceedings of the 2017 Cryptographers′ Track at the RSA Conference. San Francisco, USA: Springer, 2017. 277−292
    [67] Moser M, Bohme R. Trends, tips, tolls: A longitudinal study of Bitcoin transaction fees. In: Proceedings of the 2015 International Conference on Financial Cryptography and Data Security. San Juan, Puerto Rico: Springer, 2015. 19−33
    [68] Jiao Y T, Wang P, Niyato D, Xiong Z H. Social welfare maximization auction in edge computing resource allocation for mobile blockchain. In: Proceedings of the 2018 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC). Kansas City, MO, USA: IEEE, 2018. 1−6
    [69] Basu S, Easley D, O′Hara M, Sirer E G. Towards a functional fee market for cryptocurrencies. arXiv: 1901.06830, 2019.
    [70] Edelman B, Ostrovsky M, Schwarz M. Internet advertising and the generalized second-price auction: Selling billions of dollars worth of keywords. The American Economic Review, 2007, 97(1): 242−259 doi: 10.1257/aer.97.1.242
    [71] Zhang X, Feng J. Cyclical bid adjustments in search-engine advertising. Management Science, 2011, 57(9): 1703−1719 doi: 10.1287/mnsc.1110.1408
    [72] Li J J, Yuan Y, Wang F Y. A novel GSP auction mechanism for ranking Bitcoin transactions in blockchain mining. Decision Support Systems, 2019, 124: 113094 doi: 10.1016/j.dss.2019.113094
    [73] Lavi R, Sattath O, Zohar A. Redesigning Bitcoin′s fee market. arXiv: 1709.08881, 2017.
    [74] Yao A C C. An incentive analysis of some Bitcoin fee design. arXiv: 1811.02351, 2018.
    [75] Li J J, Ni X C, Yuan Y, Wang F Y. A novel GSP auction mechanism for dynamic confirmation games on Bitcoin transactions. IEEE Transactions on Services Computing, DOI: 10.1109/TSC.2020.2994582
    [76] Huberman G, Leshno J, Moallemi C. Monopoly without a monopolist: An economic analysis of the Bitcoin payment system [Online], available: http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3025604, August 28, 2017
    [77] Iyidogan E. An equilibrium model of blockchain-based cryptocurrencies [Online], available: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3152803, April 11, 2018
    [78] 杨东, 陈哲立. 法定数字货币的定位与性质研究. 中国人民大学学报, 2020, 34(3): 108−121

    Yang Dong, Chen Zhe-Li. Research on the positioning and characteristics of fiat digital currency. Journal of the Renmin University of China, 2020, 34(3): 108−121
    [79] Yermack D. Is Bitcoin a real currency? An economic appraisal. Handbook of Digital Currency. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 2015. 31−43
    [80] Glaser F, Zimmermann K, Haferkorn M, Weber M C, Siering M. Bitcoin-asset or currency? Revealing users′ hidden intentions. In: Proceedings of the 22nd European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS 2014). Tel Aviv, Israel: The Association for Information Systems, 2014. 1-14
    [81] Ali R, Barrdear J, Clews R, Southgate J. The economics of digital currencies. Bank of England Quarterly Bulletin, 2014, 54(3): 276−286
    [82] 郝鹏鹏, 王彦博. 基于货币二象性视角的非法定数字货币价值源泉探析. 清华金融评论, 2018(4): 94−96

    Hao Peng-Peng, Wang Yan-Bo. Analysis on the value source of non-legal digital currency based on the perspective of currency duality. Tsinghua Financial Review, 2018(4): 94−96
    [83] Ciaian P, Rajcaniova M, Kancs D. The digital agenda of virtual currencies: Can BitCoin become a global currency? Information Systems and e-Business Management, 2016, 14(4): 883−919 doi: 10.1007/s10257-016-0304-0
    [84] 陈豪. 比特币的经济学分析[硕士学位论文], 浙江大学, 中国, 2015

    Chen Hao. The Economic Analysis of Bitcoin [Master dissertation], Zhejiang University, China, 2015
    [85] 吴静. 互联网经济背景下虚拟货币价格形成机制研究—以比特币为例[硕士学位论文], 中国海洋大学, 中国, 2015

    Wu Jing. The Study on the Price Forming Mechanism of Virtual Currency Under the Background of the Internet Economy: Exemplify Bitcoin [Master dissertation], Ocean University of China, China, 2015
    [86] Glaser F, Haferkorn M, Weber M C, Zimmermann K. How to price a digital currency? Empirical insights on the influence of media coverage on the Bitcoin bubble [Online], available: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2430653, April 29, 2014
    [87] Ciaian P, Rajcaniova M, Kancs D. The economics of BitCoin price formation. Applied Economics, 2016, 48(19): 1799−1815 doi: 10.1080/00036846.2015.1109038
    [88] 陈享光, 黄泽清. 货币锚定物的形成机制及其对货币品质的维护—兼论数字货币的锚. 中国人民大学学报, 2018, 32(4): 86−94

    Chen Xiang-Guang, Huang Ze-Qing. The formation mechanism of currency anchors and the maintenance of currency quality: Collaterally study on the anchor of digital currency. Journal of the Renmin University of China, 2018, 32(4): 86−94
    [89] Willet J R. MasterCoin: New protocol layer starting from “the exodus address” [Online], available: http://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=265488.0, June 10, 2013
    [90] Lipton A, Hardjono T, Pentland A. Digital trade coin: Towards a more stable digital currency. Royal Society Open Science, 2018, 5(7): 180155 doi: 10.1098/rsos.180155
    [91] Al-Naji N, Chen J, Diao L. Basis: A price-stable cryptocurrency with an algorithmic central bank [Online], available: http://www.basis.io/basis_whitepaper_en.pdf, June 20, 2017
    [92] Engert W, Fung B. Central bank digital currency: Motivations and implications [Online], available: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3081001, December 7, 2017
    [93] 王晓东. 数字货币的发行机制及其制度保障. 特区经济, 2019(2): 80−82

    Wang Xiao-Dong. The distribution mechanism and institutional guarantee of digital money. Special Zone Economy, 2019(2): 80−82
    [94] 姚前. 中央银行数字货币原型系统实验研究. 软件学报, 2018, 29(9): 2716−2732

    Yao Qian. Experimental study on prototype system of central bank digital currency. Journal of Software, 2018, 29(9): 2716−2732
    [95] 邱勋. 中国央行发行数字货币: 路径、问题及其应对策略. 西南金融, 2017(3): 14−20

    Qiu Xun. The issue of China′s central bank digital currency: Path, problems and Countermeasures. Southwest Finance, 2017(3): 14−20
    [96] 李莉. 我国数字货币发行流通问题探讨及建议. 黑龙江金融, 2017(5): 30−32

    Li Li. Discussion and suggestions on the issue and circulation of digital currency in China. Heilongjiang Finance, 2017(5): 30−32
    [97] 李博, 李景跃. 基于区块链技术的法定数字货币研究. 黑龙江金融, 2018(1): 57−59

    Li Bo, Li Jing-Yue. Research of fiat digital currency based on blockchain technology. Heilongjiang Finance, 2018(1): 57−59
    [98] 张新建. 数字货币对支付体系影响的几点思考. 现代营销, 2018(12): 171

    Zhang Xin-Jian. The influence of digital currency on payment system. Modern Marketing, 2018(12): 171
    [99] 荆中博. 数字货币Libra的机制、影响与落地障碍探析. 贵州社会科学, 2019(11): 116−126

    Jing Zhong-Bo. Analysis on the mechanism, influence and issue obstacles of Libra. Guizhou Social Sciences, 2019(11): 116−126
    [100] 陈博闻, 朱元倩. 从超主权稳定币看全球货币体系的再平衡—基于Libra 2.0的视角. 金融发展研究, 2020(6): 40−46

    Chen Bo-Wen, Zhu Yuan-Qian. Viewing the rebalancing of the global monetary system from the perspective of super-sovereign stable coins: Based on the perspective of Libra 2.0. Journal of Financial Development Research, 2020(6): 40−46
    [101] 赵红, 付俊文. 浅析Libra对国际货币体系的可能冲击—基于数字货币视角. 世界经济与政治论坛, 2020(1): 114−127

    Zhao Hong, Fu Jun-Wen. Analysis on the impact of Libra on the international monetary system: From the perspective of digital currency. Forum of World Economic & Politics, 2020(1): 114−127
    [102] 温信祥, 张蓓. 数字货币对货币政策的影响. 中国金融, 2016(17): 24−26

    Wen Xin-Xiang, Zhang Bei. The influence of digital currency on monetary policy. China Finance, 2016(17): 24−26
    [103] 李治文, 庄雷, 赵成国. 数字货币对传统货币金融体系的效应影响机制研究. 经济师, 2020(2): 120−122, 126

    Li Zhi-Wen, Zhuang Lei, Zhao Cheng-Guo. Research on the influence mechanism of digital currency on traditional monetary and financial system. China Economist, 2020(2): 120−122, 126
    [104] 赵越强. 公共和私有部门数字货币的发展趋势、或有风险与监管考量. 经济学家, 2020(8): 110−119

    Zhao Yue-Qiang. Development trend, contingent risks and regulatory considerations of digital currencies in the public and private sectors. Economist, 2020(8): 110−119
    [105] 李建军, 朱烨辰. 数字货币理论与实践研究进展. 经济学动态, 2017(10): 115−127

    Li Jian-Jun, Zhu Ye-Chen. Research progress of digital currency theory and practice. Economic Perspectives, 2017(10): 115−127
    [106] 田海博, 林会智, 罗裴然, 苏吟雪. 一种用户隐私保护数字货币的可监管方案. 西安电子科技大学学报, 2020, 47(5): 40−47

    Tian Hai-Bo, Lin Hui-Zhi, Luo Fei-Ran, Su Yin-Xue. Scheme for being able to regulate a digital currency with user privacy protection. Journal of Xidian University, 2020, 47(5): 40−47
    [107] 张青禾. 区块链中的身份识别和访问控制技术研究[硕士学位论文], 北京交通大学, 中国, 2018

    Zhang Qing-He. Research on Identification and Access Control in Blockchain [Master dissertation], Beijing Jiaotong University, China, 2018
    [108] Ateniese G, Faonio A, Magri B, De Medeiros B. Certified Bitcoins. In: Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Applied Cryptography and Network Security. Lausanne, Switzerland: Springer, 2014. 80−96
    [109] El Defrawy K, Lampkins J. Founding digital currency on secure computation. In: Proceedings of the 2014 ACM SIGSAC Conference on Computer and Communications Security. Scottsdale, Arizona, USA: ACM, 2014. 1−14
    [110] 林齐平. 一种中心隐匿的匿名数字货币交易监管方法, CN 109727031A, 2019年5月

    Lin Qi-Ping. An Anonymous Digital Currency Transaction Supervision Method, CN Patent 109727031A, May 2019
    [111] Wu Y B, Fan H N, Wang X Y, Zou G N. A regulated digital currency. Science China Information Sciences, 2019, 62(3): 32109 doi: 10.1007/s11432-018-9611-3
    [112] 张健毅, 王志强, 徐治理, 欧阳雅菲, 杨涛. 基于区块链的可监管数字货币模型. 计算机研究与发展, 2018, 55(10): 2219−2232

    Zhang Jian-Yi, Wang Zhi-Qiang, Xu Zhi-Li, Ouyang Ya-Fei, Yang Tao. A regulatable digital currency model based on blockchain. Journal of Computer Research and Development, 2018, 55(10): 2219−2232
    [113] 徐治理. 基于区块链的可监管数字货币模型研究[硕士学位论文], 西安电子科技大学, 中国, 2018

    Xu Zhi-Li. A Study of Regulatory Digital Currency Model Based on Blockchain [Master dissertation], Xidian University, China, 2018
    [114] 焦瑾璞, 孙天琦, 黄亭亭, 汪天都. 数字货币与普惠金融发展—理论框架、国际实践与监管体系. 金融监管研究, 2015(7): 19−35

    Jiao Jin-Pu, Sun Tian-Qi, Huang Ting-Ting, Wang Tian-Du. Digital currency and fiancial services: Theoretical framework, international practice and regulation systems. Financial Regulation Research, 2015(7): 19−35
    [115] 杨延超. 论数字货币的法律属性. 中国社会科学, 2020(1): 84−106, 206

    Yang Yan-Chao. On the legal attributes of digital currency. Social Sciences in China, 2020(1): 84−106, 206
    [116] 贾恒越, 武霞, 朱建明. 量子加密货币研究进展概述. 网络与信息安全学报, 2017, 3(2): 5−12

    Jia Heng-Yue, Wu Xia, Zhu Jian-Ming. Survey of quantum crypto currency. Chinese Journal of Network and Information Security, 2017, 3(2): 5−12
    [117] Wiesner S. Conjugate coding. ACM SIGACT News, 1983, 15(1): 78−88 doi: 10.1145/1008908.1008920
    [118] 王飞跃. 企业币: 企业管理的一种实时协调与激励的数字货币机制, 技术报告No.06-27-2016, 青岛智能产业技术研究院, 中国, 2016

    Wang Fei-Yue. Enterprise Money: A Digital Currency for Real-time Coordination and Incentivation in Management, Technical Report No.06-27-2016, Qingdao Academy of Intelligent Industries, China, 2016
    [119] 王飞跃. 平行币: 平行管理中虚实一体化的一种经济机制, 技术报告No.11-02-2018, 怀德海学院, 北京, 中国, 2018

    Wang Fei-Yue. Parallel Currency: An Economic Mechanism for Coordination and Integration of Real-virtual Interaction in Parallel Management, Technical Report No.11-02-2018, Alfred North Whitehead College, China, 2018
  • 加载中
图(3) / 表(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  2625
  • HTML全文浏览量:  2373
  • PDF下载量:  1069
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-01-07
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-03-05
  • 刊出日期:  2021-04-23

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回