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异构集群系统分布式自适应输出时变编队跟踪控制

田磊 董希旺 赵启伦 李清东 吕金虎 任章

田磊, 董希旺, 赵启伦, 李清东, 吕金虎, 任章. 异构集群系统分布式自适应输出时变编队跟踪控制. 自动化学报, 2020, 45(x): 1−16 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c200185
引用本文: 田磊, 董希旺, 赵启伦, 李清东, 吕金虎, 任章. 异构集群系统分布式自适应输出时变编队跟踪控制. 自动化学报, 2020, 45(x): 1−16 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c200185
Tian Lei, Dong Xi-Wang, Zhao Qi-Lun, Li Dong-Dong, Lv Jin-Hu, Ren Zhang. Distributed adaptive time-varying output formation tracking for heterogeneous swarm systems. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2020, 45(x): 1−16 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c200185
Citation: Tian Lei, Dong Xi-Wang, Zhao Qi-Lun, Li Dong-Dong, Lv Jin-Hu, Ren Zhang. Distributed adaptive time-varying output formation tracking for heterogeneous swarm systems. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2020, 45(x): 1−16 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c200185

异构集群系统分布式自适应输出时变编队跟踪控制

doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c200185
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划课题(2018AAA0102303), 国家自然科学基金(61922008, 61973013, 61873011, 61803014), 国防创新特区项目(18-163-00-TS-001-001-34), 国防基础科研计划资助(JCKY2019601C106), 北京市自然科学基金(4182035)
详细信息
    作者简介:

    田磊:硕士, 助理工程师, 研究方向为多智能体系统协同控制方法及其应用

    董希旺:博士, 教授, 主要研究方向为一致性控制、编队控制、合围控制及其在无人机集群系统的应用. 本文通信作者. E-mail: xwdong@buaa.edu.cn

    赵启伦:博士, 工程师, 研究方向为协同制导和协同控制

    李清东:博士, 高级工程师, 研究方向为飞行器的制导、导航与控制, 故障诊断与容错控制

    吕金虎:博士, 教授, 主要从事智能系统, 协同控制理论与技术, 复杂网络与大数据等领域研究

    任章:博士, 教授, 主要研究方向为控制理论与应用及飞行器控制、制导与导航

Distributed Adaptive Time-Varying Output Formation Tracking for Heterogeneous Swarm Systems

Funds: Science and Technology Innovation 2030-Key Project of “New Generation Artificial Intelligence” under Grant (2018AAA0102303), the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grants (61922008, 61973013, 61873011, 61803014), the Innovation Zone Project under Grant (18-163-00-TS-001-001-34), the Defense Industrial Technology Development Program under Grant (JCKY2019601C106), the Beijing Natural Science Foundation under Grant (4182035)
  • 摘要: 提出了一种能够解决高阶异构集群系统输出时变编队跟踪问题的控制方法. 集群系统中的智能体分为领导者和跟随者, 领导者和跟随者的动力学模型可以完全不同. 跟随者的输出在跟踪领导者输出的同时保持时变编队实现协同运动. 考虑了领导者存在已知或未知控制输入、领导者和跟随者均存在未知扰动、有向通信拓扑存在切换等多种因素并存的情况, 结合观测器理论、自适应控制理论和滑模控制理论设计了完全分布式的输出时变编队跟踪控制协议, 摆脱了对领导者控制输入上界值、与通信拓扑相关的拉普拉斯矩阵的特征值以及时变编队函数等全局信息的依赖. 利用Lyapunov理论证明了在有向拓扑切换条件下异构集群系统的闭环稳定性. 最后通过数值仿真对理论结果的有效性进行了验证.
  • 图  1  有人-无人飞行器协同飞行示意图

    Fig.  1  The illustration of cooperative flight strategy for manned and unmanned aerial vehicles

    图  2  空地协同围捕目标示意图

    Fig.  2  The illustration of hunting target by air-ground collaboration

    图  3  集群系统输出时变编队跟踪示意图

    Fig.  3  The illustration of time-varying output formation tracking for swarm systems

    图  4  集群系统的通信拓扑关系

    Fig.  4  The communication topologies of swarm systems

    图  5  控制协议(7)和(8)中观测器的估计误差

    Fig.  5  The estimation errors of observers in control protocol (7) and control protocol (8)

    图  6  跟随者控制协议(8)中的自适应增益变化曲线

    Fig.  6  The varying curve of adaptive gains in followers’ control protocol (8)

    图  7  跟随者控制协议(8)中的控制输入变化曲线

    Fig.  7  The varying curve of control input in followers’ control protocol (8)

    图  8  当领导者是合作目标时集群系统的输出轨迹以及部分时刻的输出信息

    Fig.  8  The trajectory of output and the output information at partial moments associated with swarm systems when leader is cooperative target

    图  9  当领导者是合作目标时集群系统输出时变编队跟踪误差

    Fig.  9  The error of time-varying output formation tracking related to swarm systems when leader is cooperative target

    图  10  当领导者是非合作目标时集群系统的输出轨迹以及部分时刻的输出信息

    Fig.  10  The trajectory of output and the output information at partial moments associated with swarm systems when leader is noncooperative target

    图  11  当领导者是非合作目标时集群系统输出时变编队跟踪误差

    Fig.  11  The error of time-varying output formation tracking related to swarm systems when leader is noncooperative target

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  • 收稿日期:  2020-04-04
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