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一种单因子的可撤销生物特征认证方法

孔小景 李学俊 金哲 周芃 陈江勇

孔小景, 李学俊, 金哲, 周芃, 陈江勇. 一种单因子的可撤销生物特征认证方法.自动化学报, 2021, 47(5): 1159-1170 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c190059
引用本文: 孔小景, 李学俊, 金哲, 周芃, 陈江勇. 一种单因子的可撤销生物特征认证方法.自动化学报, 2021, 47(5): 1159-1170 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c190059
Kong Xiao-Jing, Li Xue-Jun, Jin Zhe, Zhou Peng, Chen Jiang-Yong. One-factor cancellable biometrics verification scheme. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2021, 47(5): 1159-1170 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c190059
Citation: Kong Xiao-Jing, Li Xue-Jun, Jin Zhe, Zhou Peng, Chen Jiang-Yong. One-factor cancellable biometrics verification scheme. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2021, 47(5): 1159-1170 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c190059

一种单因子的可撤销生物特征认证方法

doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c190059
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 61806003

安徽省教育厅自然科学重点项目 KJ2018A0010

详细信息
    作者简介:

    孔小景   安徽大学计算机科学与技术学院硕士研究生.主要研究方向为生物特征加密. E-mail: e18301199@stu.ahu.edu.cn

    金哲   博士, 澳大利亚蒙纳士大学(马来西亚校区)讲师.主要研究方向为生物特征加密. E-mail: jin.zhe@monash.edu

    周芃   博士, 安徽大学讲师.主要研究方向为机器学习, 数据挖掘和人工智能. E-mail: zhoupeng@ahu.edu.cn

    陈江勇   安徽大学计算机科学与技术学院硕士研究生.主要研究方向为机器学习. E-mail: chenjy@stu.ahu.edu.cn

    通讯作者:

    李学俊   博士, 安徽大学教授. 主要研究方向为云计算, 智能软件, 信息安全.本文通信作者. E-mail: xjli@ahu.edu.cn

One-factor Cancellable Biometrics Verification Scheme

Funds: 

National Natural Science Foundation of China 61806003

Key Natural Science Project of Anhui Provincial Education Department KJ2018A0010

More Information
    Author Bio:

    KONG Xiao-Jing   Master student at the School of Computer Science and Technology, Anhui University. Her main research interest is biometric template security

    JIN Zhe   Ph.D., lecturer at the School of Information Technology, Monash University Malaysia Campus. His main research interest is biometric template security

    ZHOU Peng   Ph.D., lecturer at the School of Computer Science and Technology, Anhui University. His research interest covers machine learning, data mining, and artificial intelligence

    CHEN Jiang-Yong   Master student at the School of Computer Science and Technology, Anhui University. His main research interest is machine learning

    Corresponding author: LI Xue-Jun   Ph.D., professor at the School of Computer Science and Technology, Anhui University. His research interest covers cloud computing, intelligent software, and information security. Corresponding author of this paper
  • 摘要: 将令牌化随机数作为外部因子的双因子可撤销生物特征认证方法存在令牌泄露、丢失等安全威胁. 本文提出了一种生物特征作为唯一输入的解决方法, 即单因子的可撤销生物特征认证方法. 首先, 利用扩展的特征向量, 通过预定义的滑动窗口和哈希函数随机化生成二进制种子; 然后替换不同的辅助数据来生成可撤销模板; 最后, 由查询生物特征向量对辅助数据进行解码, 提高了性能和安全性. 在指纹数据库FVC2002和FVC2004的实验结果表明, 该方法不仅满足可撤销生物特征识别的4个设计标准, 同时防御了3种安全攻击.
    Recommended by Associate Editor HUANG Qing-Ming
    1)  本文责任编委 黄庆明
  • 图  1  Biohashing转换概述图[5]

    Fig.  1  Overview of Biohashing transformation[5]

    图  2  Bloom filter转换概述图[13]

    Fig.  2  Overview of Bloom filter transformation[13]

    图  3  单因子可撤销生物特征认证方法框架

    Fig.  3  Overview of the one-factor cancellable biometrics scheme

    图  4  WSE哈希算法生成置换种子示意图(${l}=6$, ${m}=2$, ${k}=2)$

    Fig.  4  Diagram of generated permutation seed by WSE Hashing algorithm (${l}=6$, ${m}=2$, ${k}=2)$

    图  5  WSE哈希算法流程图($l=6, m=2, k=2$)

    Fig.  5  The flowchart of WSE Hashing algorithm ($l=6, m=2, k=2)$

    图  6  EER-vs-${k}$曲线图(FVC2002 DB1)

    Fig.  6  Curves of "EER (%)-vs-${k}$" (FVC2002 DB1)

    图  7  EER-vs-${m}$曲线图(FVC2004 DB1/DB2)

    Fig.  7  Curves of "EER (%)-vs-${m}$" (FVC2004 DB1/DB2)

    图  8  可撤销性分析

    Fig.  8  Revocability analysis

    图  9  不可链接性分析

    Fig.  9  Unlinkability analysis

    图  10  真匹配-假匹配曲线(FVC2002 DB1, ${m}=1 000$, ${k}=3$)

    Fig.  10  Genuine-imposter curve on FVC2002 DB1 (${m}=1 000$, ${k}=3$)

    表  1  各种生物特征模板保护算法的比较结果

    Table  1  Comparative result of various biometric template protection methods

    可撤销方案转换方式相似性缺点
    Biohashing[5]随机投影+二值化处理汉明距离原始模板可由折衷密钥推算出来
    Wang等[12]离散傅里叶变换+随机投影汉明距离性能下降
    Bloom filter[13]Bloom filter (十进制到二进制映射)汉明距离易受暴力攻击
    P-MCC[17]KL投影+二值化汉明距离可撤销性弱
    2P-MCC[18]完全/部分置换汉明距离用户需要管理密钥
    GRP-based IoM Hashing[10]多重随机投影+记录最大值索引欧氏距离性能下降
    URP-based IoM Hashing[10]置换+记录最大值索引欧氏距离性能下降
    BioEncoding[19]布尔函数汉明距离易受ARM攻击
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  WSE哈希处理效率(s) (${m}=1 000$, ${k}=3$)

    Table  2  Processing efficiency of WSE Hashing (s) (${m}=1 000$, $k=3$)

    平均时间FVC2002-DB1FVC2002-DB2FVC2004-DB1FVC2004-DB2
    注册阶段0.0350310.0348840.0344810.033151
    验证阶段0.0348960.0348740.0346210.034647
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同方法的性能精度对比(EER) (%)

    Table  3  EER comparison between proposed method and other methods (%)

    方法FVC2002-DB1FVC2002-DB2FVC2004-DB1FVC2004-DB2
    WSE Hashing0.20.622.67.13
    Binary fingerprint vector (Baseline)[11]0.260.121.584.39
    URP-based IoM Hashing[10]0.462.14.518.02
    GRP-based IoM Hashing[10]0.220.474.744.1
    Bloom filter[24]2.31.813.48.1
    2P-MCC$_{64, 64}$[18]3.31.86.3_
    EFV Hashing[7]0.320.632.627.14
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  不可链接性的全局度量($D_{\underset\longleftrightarrow{{\rm sys}}}$) (${m}=1 000$, ${k}=3$)

    Table  4  Global measure ($D_{\underset\longleftrightarrow{{\rm sys}}}$) of unlinkability (${m}=1 000$, ${k}=3$)

    方法FVC2002-DB1FVC2002-DB2FVC2004-DB1FVC2004-DB2
    WSE Hashing0.02570.02350.02710.0250
    EFV Hashing[7]0.04040.04730.04650.0459
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-01-24
  • 录用日期:  2019-04-15
  • 刊出日期:  2021-05-21

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