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基于随机森林误分类处理的3D人体姿态估计

蔡轶珩 王雪艳 马杰 孔欣然

蔡轶珩, 王雪艳, 马杰, 孔欣然. 基于随机森林误分类处理的3D人体姿态估计. 自动化学报, 2020, 46(7): 1457-1466. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c180314
引用本文: 蔡轶珩, 王雪艳, 马杰, 孔欣然. 基于随机森林误分类处理的3D人体姿态估计. 自动化学报, 2020, 46(7): 1457-1466. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c180314
CAI Yi-Heng, WANG Xue-Yan, MA Jie, KONG Xin-Ran. 3D Human Pose Estimation Based on Random Forest Misclassiflcation Processing Mechanism. ACTA AUTOMATICA SINICA, 2020, 46(7): 1457-1466. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c180314
Citation: CAI Yi-Heng, WANG Xue-Yan, MA Jie, KONG Xin-Ran. 3D Human Pose Estimation Based on Random Forest Misclassiflcation Processing Mechanism. ACTA AUTOMATICA SINICA, 2020, 46(7): 1457-1466. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c180314

基于随机森林误分类处理的3D人体姿态估计

doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c180314
基金项目: 

科技部国家重点研发计划课题 2017YFC1703302

北京市教委科技项目 KM201710005028

详细信息
    作者简介:

    王雪艳  北京工业大学信息学部研究生. 2016年获得河北工程大学信息与电气工程学院学士学位.主要研究方向为图像与视频处理. E-mail: xinxiY23@126.com

    马杰  北京工业大学信息学部研究生. 2016年获得北京工业大学信息学部学士学位.主要研究方向为图像与视频信号处理. E-mail: 13241247924@163.com

    孔欣然  北京工业大学信息学部研究生. 2016年获得北京工业大学信息学部学士学位.主要研究方向为图像与视频处理.E-mail:duzouran@163.com

    通讯作者:

    蔡轶珩  北京工业大学信息学部副教授.美国罗切斯特大学访问学者. 1998年获得合肥工业大学精密仪器专业硕士学位. 2007年获得北京工业大学智能化信息处理专业博士学位.主要研究方向为医学图像信息处理, 光度立体三维表面重建, 视觉感知信息处理.本文通信作者. E-mail: caiyiheng@bjut.edu.cn

3D Human Pose Estimation Based on Random Forest Misclassiflcation Processing Mechanism

Funds: 

National Key Research and Development Program 2017YFC1703302

Science and Technology Projects of Beijing Municipal Education Commission of China KM201710005028

More Information
    Author Bio:

    WANG Xue-Yan  Master student in the Department of Information, Beijing University of Technology. She received her bachelor degree from the College of Information and Electrical Engineering, Hebei University of Engineering in 2016. Her research interest covers image and video processing

    MA Jie  Master student in the Department of Information, Beijing University of Technology. He received his bachelor degree from the College of Department of Information, Beijing University of Technology in 2016. His research interest covers image and video signal processing

    KONG Xin-Ran  Master student in the Department of Information, Beijing University of Technology. She received her bachelor degree from the College of Department of Information, Beijing University of Technology in 2016. Her research interest covers image and video processing

    Corresponding author: CAI Yi-Heng  Associate professor in the Department of Information, Beijing University of Technology. Visiting scholar in the University of Rochester at USA. She received her master degree in precision instruments from Southeast University in 1998, and Ph. D. degree in intelligent information processing from Beijing University of Technology in 2007. Her research interest covers medical image information processing, photometric three dimensional surface reconstruction, and visual perception information processing. Corresponding author of this paper
  • 摘要: 为解决基于随机森林的3D人体姿态估计算法容易出现的误分类问题, 提出一种基于自适应融合特征提取和误分类处理机制的改进算法.该算法利用自适应融合特征提取方法自适应提取深度融合特征, 此特征可表达图像距离信息和部位尺寸信息, 增强特征的表征能力; 针对识别部位误分类问题, 分别从识别部位误分点聚集情况和迭代整合思想出发, 提出误分类处理机制, 改善部位识别结果; 最后提出可进一步处理误分点的改进主方向分析(Principal direction analysis, PDA)算法, 自适应计算出部位主方向向量, 实现3D人体姿态估计.结果表明, 该算法能有效去除部位误分点, 并显著改善了3D人体姿态估计.
    Recommended by Associate Editor HUANG Qing-Ming
    1)  本文责任编委 黄庆明
  • 图  1  合成深度图像数据库

    Fig.  1  Synthetic depth image dataset

    图  2  算法整体流程图

    Fig.  2  Overview of proposed technique

    图  3  偏移向量对示意图

    Fig.  3  Offset vector pair

    图  4  合成图像部位尺寸示意图

    Fig.  4  Part size of the synthetic image

    图  5  基于Kmeans算法在不同总聚类下的部位识别结果

    Fig.  5  Part recognition results based on Kmeans algorithm under different total clusters

    图  6  多级随机森林整合算法流程图

    Fig.  6  The flowchart of the multi-level random forest integration algorithm

    图  7  不同特征提取方法的部位分类结果对比

    Fig.  7  Results of different feature extraction methods in part classification

    图  8  本文误分类处理机制处理后的部位分类结果图((a)为随机森林初始识别+膨胀的结果; (b)为分级聚类+膨胀的结果; (c)为多级随机森林整合+膨胀的结果)

    Fig.  8  Part classification result based on misclassification processing mechanism ((a)~(c) representing the results of random forest, Kmeans, and multi-level random forest integration algorithm, respectively

    图  9  本文改进PDA算法和PDA算法的对比识别结果图((a)多级随机森林整合算法的识别结果; (b) PDA算法处理+膨胀的识别结果; (c)改进的PDA算法处理+膨胀的识别结果)

    Fig.  9  Contrast recognition results for improved PDA algorithm and PDA algorithm ((a) multi-level random forest integration algorithm, (b)~(c) representing the results of PDA algorithms, and improved PDA algorithms, respectively)

    图  10  合成数据集上的姿态估计结果((a)深度图像; (b)误分类处理前的结果; (c) Kmeans处理后的结果; (d)多级随机森林整合后的结果; (e) groundtruth)

    Fig.  10  Pose estimation on the synthetic dataset ((a) depth image, (b)~(d) representing the results of random forest, Kmeans, multi-level random forest integration algorithm, respectively, (e) ground truth)

    图  11  ITOP数据集上的姿态估计结果((a)~(d)算法同图 10 (a)~(d))

    Fig.  11  Pose estimation on the ITOP dataset ((a)~(d) same as Fig. 10 (a)~(d))

    图  12  实际拍摄的深度图像上的姿态估计结果((a)~(d)算法同图 10 (a)~(d))

    Fig.  12  Pose estimation on the actual captured depth image ((a)~(d) same as Fig. 10 (a)~(d))

    表  1  不同分类器的部位平均识别准确率结果

    Table  1  Average recognition accuracy results for different classifiers

    方法 训练时间(s) 平均识别准确率(%)
    Ababoost 2 377.93 52.58
    KNN 977.46 66.62
    RF 187.97 70.29
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同特征方法的部位平均分类准确率结果

    Table  2  Classification accuracy results for different feature methods

    方法 平均识别准确率
    深度梯度差分特征 0.7046
    文献[19]改进型特征 0.8245
    文献[20] FCN方法 0.8417
    本文深度数据特征 0.6215
    本文自适应深度梯度特征 0.8405
    本文融合特征 0.8603
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  合成深度图像上的肘部角度误差结果

    Table  3  Elbow angle error results on synthetic depth images

    算法 左肘角度误差 右肘角度误差
    深度梯度特征+ PDA (文献[6]) 14.5575° 13.5241°
    自适应(本文) + PDA (文献[6]) 12.7654° 13.3342°
    自适应+改进的PDA (本文) 12.2893° 13.1284°
    融合特征+改进的PDA (本文) 11.8462° 12.0331°
    自适应+ Kmeans +改进的PDA (本文) 11.9879° 12.7443°
    融合特征+ Kmeans+改进的PDA (本文) 10.2546° 10.6436°
    自适应+多级整合+改进的PDA (本文) 9.9637° 9.6216°
    融合特征+多级整合+改进的PDA (本文) 8.4581° 8.6824°
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2018-05-16
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