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互补色小波颜色恒常性/白平衡方法

陈扬 李旦 张建秋

陈扬, 李旦, 张建秋. 互补色小波颜色恒常性/白平衡方法. 自动化学报, 2020, 46(7): 1378-1389. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c180037
引用本文: 陈扬, 李旦, 张建秋. 互补色小波颜色恒常性/白平衡方法. 自动化学报, 2020, 46(7): 1378-1389. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c180037
CHEN Yang, LI Dan, ZHANG Jian-Qiu. Color Constancy With Complementary Color Wavelets. ACTA AUTOMATICA SINICA, 2020, 46(7): 1378-1389. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c180037
Citation: CHEN Yang, LI Dan, ZHANG Jian-Qiu. Color Constancy With Complementary Color Wavelets. ACTA AUTOMATICA SINICA, 2020, 46(7): 1378-1389. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c180037

互补色小波颜色恒常性/白平衡方法

doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c180037
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 61571131

详细信息
    作者简介:

    陈扬  复旦大学电子工程系博士研究生.主要研究方向为图像/视频处理. E-mail: 13110720040@fudan.edu.cn

    张建秋  复旦大学电子工程系教授.主要研究方向为信号处理及其在通信、控制、测量、图像和雷达中的应用. E-mail: jqzhang@ieee.org

    通讯作者:

    李旦  复旦大学电子工程系讲师.主要研究方向为数字信号处理及应用.本文通信作者. E-mail: lidan@fudan.edu.cn

Color Constancy With Complementary Color Wavelets

Funds: 

National Natural Science Foundation of China 61571131

More Information
    Author Bio:

    CHEN Yang   Ph. D. candidate in the Department of Electronic Engineering, Fudan University. His research interest covers the multiresolution filtering and image/video processing

    ZHANG Jian-Qiu   Professor in the Department of Electronic Engineering, Fudan University. His research interest covers signal processing and its application

    Corresponding author: LI Dan   Lecturer in Department of Electronic Engineering, Fudan University. His research interest covers digital signal processing and its application to nondestructive testing. Corresponding author of this paper
  • 摘要: 借助于互补色小波, 本文提出一种新的颜色恒常性统计方法.分析表明:标准光照图像的互补色小波子带关系, 可以利用联合拉普拉斯分布来进行描述.统计学习标准光照图像, 可获得拉普拉斯分布的参数, 为图像建立起标准光照的基准模型.该基准模型可为光照偏移(颜色恒常偏移)的图像提供光照补偿依据, 使偏光图像通过光照补偿恢复为标准光照图像, 从而得到光照参数.基于该基准模型对补偿光照参数进行最大似然估计的实验结果表明:本文所提方法的处理效果与列出的最好文献算法相当, 其在常用数据库上估计到的光照参数误差中值小0.1°, 而均值和最大值则小0.3°.
    Recommended by Associate Editor SANG Nong
    1)  本文责任编委 桑农
  • 图  1  色环与互补色小波

    Fig.  1  The hue ring and the CCWT

    图  2  互补色小波的方向与相位, 每列对应$n = k\pi /8, k = 1, 2, \cdots, 8$中的一个方向, 每行对应$\theta = 0, 2\pi /3, 4\pi /3$中的一种相位

    Fig.  2  Orientations and phases of the CCWT. Each column denotes one of the $n = k\pi /8, k = 1, 2, \cdots, 8$ orientations and each row denotes one of the $\theta = 0, 2\pi /3, 4\pi /3$ phases

    图  3  白色背景中一维边缘信号的互补色小波分解示例

    Fig.  3  CCWT operators running over a line segment on the white background

    图  4  互补色小波子带统计特性

    Fig.  4  Statistical characteristics of the CCWT subbands

    表  1  RAW格式数据库各种颜色恒常性算法结果的角度误差

    Table  1  Angular errors for different color constancy methods on the COLOR CHECKER RAW database

    方法 误差均值(°) 误差中值(°) 误差最大值(°)
    White-patch [3] 7.4 5.6 40.6
    Gray-world [4] 6.3 6.3 24.8
    Shades-of-gray [5] 4.9 4.0 20.0
    1st-order grey-edge [8] 5.2 4.5 19.7
    2nd-order grey-edge [8] 5.0 4.4 16.9
    Natural image statistics [24] 4.0 3.1 26.2
    Gamut mapping [11] 4.1 2.3 23.2
    Edge-based gamut mapping [12] 6.5 5.0 29.0
    Exemplar-based [16] 3.1 2.3 16.3
    Improved specular edge [7] 4.9 3.3 28.3
    Multi-cue tree-structured [25] 3.3 2.2 18.2
    AlexNet+SVR [18] 4.7 3.1 29.2
    Using CNNs [34] 2.9 2.1 14.8
    Bayesian [13] 4.7 3.5 24.5
    Spatio-spectral statistics [15] 3.1 2.3 14.8
    Proposed CCWT statistics 2.8 2.2 14.5
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  贝叶斯颜色恒常性算法结果比较

    Table  2  Comparison between Bayesian color constancy methods

    方法 误差均值(°) 误差中值(°) 误差最大值(°)
    Spatio-spectral statistics [15] 3.1 2.3 14.8
    CCWT with fixed $\alpha $ 2.9 2.2 14.6
    Proposed CCWT statistics 2.8 2.2 14.5
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  SFU HDR数据库各种颜色恒常性算法结果的角度误差

    Table  3  Angular errors for different color constancy methods on the SFU HDR database

    方法 误差均值(°) 误差中值(°) 最差25 %样本均值(°)
    White-patch [3] 6.3 3.9 -
    Gray-world [4] 8.0 7.4 15.0
    Shades-of-gray [5] 5.7 3.9 12.7
    1st-order grey-edge [8] 6.0 3.9 13.6
    Corrected-moment [9] 4.0 3.2 -
    Double-opponency [35] 6.2 3.5 14.0
    Proposed CCWT statistics 4.4 3.1 9.8
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2018-01-17
  • 录用日期:  2018-08-14
  • 刊出日期:  2020-07-24

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