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基于隐马尔科夫模型的人体动作压缩红外分类

关秋菊 罗晓牧 郭雪梅 王国利

关秋菊, 罗晓牧, 郭雪梅, 王国利. 基于隐马尔科夫模型的人体动作压缩红外分类. 自动化学报, 2017, 43(3): 398-406. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.2017.c160130
引用本文: 关秋菊, 罗晓牧, 郭雪梅, 王国利. 基于隐马尔科夫模型的人体动作压缩红外分类. 自动化学报, 2017, 43(3): 398-406. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.2017.c160130
GUAN Qiu-Ju, LUO Xiao-Mu, GUO Xue-Mei, WANG Guo-Li. Compressive Infrared Classification of Human Motion Using HMM. ACTA AUTOMATICA SINICA, 2017, 43(3): 398-406. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.2017.c160130
Citation: GUAN Qiu-Ju, LUO Xiao-Mu, GUO Xue-Mei, WANG Guo-Li. Compressive Infrared Classification of Human Motion Using HMM. ACTA AUTOMATICA SINICA, 2017, 43(3): 398-406. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.2017.c160130

基于隐马尔科夫模型的人体动作压缩红外分类

doi: 10.16383/j.aas.2017.c160130
基金项目: 

广东省教育厅青年创新人才项目 2015KQNCX068

国家自然科学基金 61375080

国家自然科学基金 61601523

国家自然科学基金 61301294

广东省自然科学基金 2015A030311049

广东省自然科学基金 2016A030310238

详细信息
    作者简介:

    关秋菊仲恺农业工程学院机电工程学院讲师.主要研究方向为基于周边智能环境的人体运动行为识别.E-mail:qiuju95@126.com

    罗晓牧广州中医药大学医学信息工程学院讲师.2012年获得中山大学通信与信息系统专业博士学位.主要研究方向为无线传感器网络, 人体动作识别和机器学习.E-mail:woodwood2000@163.com

    郭雪梅中山大学数据科学与计算机学院副教授.主要研究方向为嵌入式系统与移动计算, 信息获取与信息处理.E-mail:guoxuem@mail.sysu.edu.cn

Compressive Infrared Classification of Human Motion Using HMM

Funds: 

Young Creative Talents Project of Guangdong Province Education Department 2015KQNCX068

National Natural Science Foundation of China 61375080

National Natural Science Foundation of China 61601523

National Natural Science Foundation of China 61301294

Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province 2015A030311049

Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province 2016A030310238

More Information
    Author Bio:

    Lecturer at the College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Zhongkai University of Agriculture and Engineering. Her main research interest is physical activity recognition based on ambient intelligence environment

    Lecturer at the School of Medical Information Engineering, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine. He received his Ph. D. degree from Sun Yat-Sen University in 2012. His research interest covers wireless sensor networks, human activity recognition and machine learning

    Associate professor at the School of Data and Computer Science, Sun Yat-Sen University. Her research interest covers embedded system, mobile computing, information acquisition and processing

    Corresponding author: WANG Guo-LiProfessor at the School of Data and Computer Science, Sun Yat-Sen University. His research interest covers ambient intelligence and ambient assisted human-robot collaboration. Corresponding author of this paper
  • 摘要: 人体动作产生的辐射能量变化(Infrared radiation changes,IRC)信号是动作识别的重要线索,本文提出了一种基于隐马尔科夫模型的人体动作压缩红外分类新方法.针对人体动作的自遮挡问题,建立基于正交视角的压缩红外测量系统,获取人体动作在主投影面和辅助投影面的IRC压缩信号;然后,采用隐马尔科夫模型(Hidden Markov model,HMM)双层特征建模算法进行压缩域动作分类.实验结果表明双层特征建模的平均正确分类率高于主层特征建模,平均正确分类率可达95.71%.该方法为环境辅助生活系统提供了人体动作识别的新途径.
    1)  本文责任编委 王启宁
  • 图  1  红外动作识别实验场景

    Fig.  1  The experiment scenario for infrared motion classification

    图  2  人体动作压缩红外测量信号 (“m3挥双臂"动作)

    Fig.  2  The PIR sensors output recorded for the motion of "waving two hands" (m3)

    图  3  GMHMM建模中隐状态数目、高斯模型数目对平均对数似然值的影响 (动作m1)

    Fig.  3  The influences of the HMM parameters on the average log likelihood (motion m1)

    图  4  动作m9的一个测试样本在主层GMHMM下的对数似然概率

    Fig.  4  Log likelihoods of a test sequence of motion m9 using main-layer GMHMM

    图  5  动作m9的一个测试样本在双层GMHMM下的对数似然概率

    Fig.  5  Log likelihoods of a test sequence of motion m9 using double-layer GMHMM

    图  6  测量维数对正确分类率的影响

    Fig.  6  The influence of the measurement dimension on the CCR

    图  7  测量维数对分类时间的影响

    Fig.  7  The influence of the measurement dimension on the running time

    图  8  测量视角对正确识别率的影响

    Fig.  8  The influences of the sensing view on the CCR

    表  1  GMHMMs参数配置

    Table  1  The specification of GMHMMs

    特征层模型 m1 m2 m3 m4 m5 m6 m7 m8 m9 m10
    $M_G$ $H$ $M_G$ $H$ $M_G$ $H$ $M_G$ $H$ $M_G$ $H$ $M_G$ $H$ $M_G$ $H$ $M_G$ $H$ $M_G$ $H$ $M_G$ $H$
    主层GMHMM 2 5 2 7 2 9 4 3 2 7 2 6 2 5 2 3 2 5 2 6
    双层GMHMM 2 9 2 4 2 5 3 3 2 8 2 5 2 4 2 4 2 3 2 5
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  测量视角对CCR的影响

    Table  2  Sensing view vs. CCR

    测量视角 正视 顶视 正交视角
    CCR (%) 94.81 87.23 95.71
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-02-03
  • 录用日期:  2016-09-30
  • 刊出日期:  2017-03-20

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