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基于网格重构学习的染色体分类模型

张林 易先鹏 王广杰 范心宇 刘辉 王雪松

张林, 易先鹏, 王广杰, 范心宇, 刘辉, 王雪松. 基于网格重构学习的染色体分类模型. 自动化学报, 2021, 48(x): 1001−1009 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210303
引用本文: 张林, 易先鹏, 王广杰, 范心宇, 刘辉, 王雪松. 基于网格重构学习的染色体分类模型. 自动化学报, 2021, 48(x): 1001−1009 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210303
Zhang Lin, Yi Xian-Peng, Wang Guang-Jie, Fan Xin-Yu, Liu Hui, WANG Xue-Song. A grid reconstruction learning model for chromosome classification. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2021, 48(x): 1001−1009 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210303
Citation: Zhang Lin, Yi Xian-Peng, Wang Guang-Jie, Fan Xin-Yu, Liu Hui, WANG Xue-Song. A grid reconstruction learning model for chromosome classification. Acta Automatica Sinica, 2021, 48(x): 1001−1009 doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210303

基于网格重构学习的染色体分类模型

doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c210303
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(61971422, 31871337)资助
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张林:中国矿业大学信息与控制工程学院教授. 主要研究方向为生物信息学、医学图像处理、机器学习. E-mail: lin.zhang@cumt.edu.cn

    易先鹏:中国矿业大学信息与控制工程学院硕士研究生. 主要研究方向为医学图像处理. E-mail: xianpeng.yi@cumt.edu.cn

    王广杰:中国矿业大学信息与控制工程学院硕士研究生. 主要研究方向医学图像处理. E-mail: guangjie.wang@cumt.edu.cn

    范心宇:中国矿业大学信息与控制工程学院博士研究生. 主要研究方向图像处理. E-mail: xinyu.fan@cumt.edu.cn

    刘辉:中国矿业大学信息与控制工程学院副教授. 主要研究方向为生物信息学、医学图像处理、机器学习. E-mail: hui.liu@cumt.edu.cn

    王雪松:中国矿业大学信息与控制工程学院教授. 主要研究方向为人工智能、机器学习. 本文通讯作者. E-mail: wangxuesongcumt@163.com

A Grid Reconstruction Learning Model for Chromosome Classification

Funds: Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of P. R. China (61971422, 31871337)
More Information
    Author Bio:

    ZHANG Lin Professor at the School of Information and Control Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology. Her main research interest covers Bioinformatics, medical image processing and machine learning

    YI Xian-Peng Master student at the School of Information and Control Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology. His main research interest covers medical image processing

    WANG Guang-Jie Master student at the School of Information and Control Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology. His main research interest covers medical image processing

    FAN Xin-Yu Ph.D student at the School of Information and Control Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology. Her main research interest covers image processing

    LIU Hui Associate professor at the School of Information and Control Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology. His main research interest covers Bioinformatics and medical image processing and machine learning

    WANG Xue-Song Professor at the School of Information and Control Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology. Her main research interest covers artificial intelligence and machine learning. Corresponding author of this paper

  • 摘要: 染色体的分类识别是核型分析的重要任务之一. 因其柔软易弯曲, 且类间差异小、类内差异大等特点, 其精准分类已成为挑战性难题. 本文提出基于网格重构学习(GRid reConstruction learning, GRiCoL)的染色体分类模型. 该模型首先将染色体图像网格化, 提取局部分类特征; 再通过重构网络对全局特征进行二次提取, 最后完成分类. 相比于现有几种方法, GRiCoL同时兼顾局部和全局特征提取更有效的分类特征, 有效改善染色体弯曲导致的分类性能下降, 参数规模合理. 通过基于G带、荧光原位杂交、Q带染色体公开数据集的实验表明: GRiCoL能够更好地弱化染色体弯曲带来的影响, 在不同数据集上的分类准确度均优于现有分类方法.
  • 图  1  基于网格重构学习的染色体分类模型

    Fig.  1  Chromosome classification model based on grid reconstruction learning

    图  2  染色体图像网格化效果((a) N = 2; (b) N = 3; (c) N = 4; (d) N = 3且重叠分割)

    Fig.  2  Gridding effect of chromosome image((a) N = 2; (b) N = 3; (c) N = 4; (d) N = 3 and overlapping grid)

    图  3  重构网络模型

    Fig.  3  Reconstruction Learning Model

    图  4  染色体图像((a) G带图; (b) FISH图; (c) Q带图)

    Fig.  4  Chromosome image ((a) G band image; (b)FISH image; (c) Q band image)

    图  5  骨干网络第50层特征的导向反向传播可视化 (a) G带、(b) FISH、(c) Q带 导向反向传播图

    Fig.  5  Visualization of Guided Back Propagation of the 50th Layer Features of the Backbone Network (a) G band、(b) FISH、(c) Q band images of Guided Back Propagation

    图  6  特征的t-SNE降维表示

    Fig.  6  Representation of features dimensionality reduced by t-SNE

    表  1  交叠网格设计的分类性能对比

    Table  1  Classification performance comparison between grid with and without overlapping

    模型G带FISHQ带
    无交叠GRiCoL98.1%96.2%95.3%
    GRiCoL99.5%97.2%97.3%
    p2.66e-220.521.71e-8
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同N情况下分类性能的对比

    Table  2  Classification performance comparison between grids with different N

    NG带(%)FISH(%)Q带(%)Gflops参数量
    298.596.195. 811.522.1M
    399.597.297. 326.027.5M
    499.297.897. 646.335.0M
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  各模型分类性能对比

    Table  3  Classification performance comparison between different models

    模型G带(%)FISH(%)Q带(%)
    基线[34]93.492.087.8
    基线[35]95.393.491.7
    CIRNet95.9883.386.5
    ResNet5086.492.695.3
    [29]94.793.787.7
    [30]94.0
    GRiL98.395.895.9
    GRiCoL99.597.297.3
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-04-09
  • 录用日期:  2021-12-02
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-02-04

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