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基于因子图模型的动态图半监督聚类算法

张建朋 裴雨龙 刘聪 李邵梅 陈鸿昶

张建朋, 裴雨龙, 刘聪, 李邵梅, 陈鸿昶. 基于因子图模型的动态图半监督聚类算法. 自动化学报, 2020, 46(4): 670-680. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c170363
引用本文: 张建朋, 裴雨龙, 刘聪, 李邵梅, 陈鸿昶. 基于因子图模型的动态图半监督聚类算法. 自动化学报, 2020, 46(4): 670-680. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c170363
ZHANG Jian-Peng, PEI Yu-Long, LIU Cong, LI Shao-Mei, CHEN Hong-Chang. A Semi-supervised Clustering Algorithm Based on Factor Graph Model for Dynamic Graphs. ACTA AUTOMATICA SINICA, 2020, 46(4): 670-680. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c170363
Citation: ZHANG Jian-Peng, PEI Yu-Long, LIU Cong, LI Shao-Mei, CHEN Hong-Chang. A Semi-supervised Clustering Algorithm Based on Factor Graph Model for Dynamic Graphs. ACTA AUTOMATICA SINICA, 2020, 46(4): 670-680. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c170363

基于因子图模型的动态图半监督聚类算法

doi: 10.16383/j.aas.c170363
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金群体项目 61521003

国家重点研发计划项目 2016YFB0800101

详细信息
    作者简介:

    张建朋  荷兰埃因霍温理工大学博士研究生, 中国国家数字交换系统工程技术研究中心助理研究员.主要研究方向为数据流挖掘. E-mail:zhangjianpeng0309@gmail.com

    刘聪  荷兰埃因霍温理工大学博士生.主要研究方向为流程挖掘, 软件工程. E-mail: liucongchina@163.com

    李邵梅  中国国家数字交换系统工程技术研究中心副研究员.主要研究方向为图像处理与模式识别. E-mail: lishaomei@ndsc.com.cn

    陈鸿昶  中国国家数字交换系统工程技术研究中心教授.主要研究方向为电信网信息关防. E-mail: chenhongchang@ndsc.com.cn

    通讯作者:

    裴玉龙  荷兰埃因霍温理工大学博士生.主要研究方向为数据挖掘, 机器学习.本文通信作者. E-mail: feilong0309@sina.com

  • 本文责任编委 朱军

A Semi-supervised Clustering Algorithm Based on Factor Graph Model for Dynamic Graphs

Funds: 

the Foundation for Innovative Research Groups of the National Natural Science Foundation of China 61521003

National Key Research and Development Program of China 2016YFB0800101

More Information
    Author Bio:

    ZHANG Jian-Peng   Ph.D. candidate at Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands and lecturer at the National Digital Switching System Engineering & Technological R & D Center, China. His main research interest covers data stream mining

    LIU Cong   Ph.D. candidate at Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands. His research interest covers process mining and software engineering

    LI Shao-Mei   Associate professor at the National Digital Switching System Engineering & Technological R & D Center, China. Her research interest covers image process and pattern recognition

    CHEN Hong-Chang   Professor at the National Digital Switching System Engineering & Technological R & D Center, China. His main research interest is telecommunication network protection

    Corresponding author: PEI Yu-Long   Ph.D. candidate at Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands. His research interest covers data mining and machine learning. Corresponding author of this paper
  • Recommended by Associate Editor ZHU Jun
  • 摘要: 针对动态图的聚类主要存在着两点不足:首先, 现有的经典聚类算法大多从静态图分析的角度出发, 无法对真实网络图持续演化的特性进行有效建模, 亟待对动态图的聚类算法展开研究, 通过对不同时刻图快照的聚类结构进行分析进而掌握图的动态演化情况.其次, 真实网络中可以预先获取图中部分节点的聚类标签, 如何将这些先验信息融入到动态图的聚类结构划分中, 从而向图中的未标记节点分配聚类标签也是本文需要解决的问题.为此, 本文提出进化因子图模型(Evolution factor graph model, EFGM)用于解决动态图节点的半监督聚类问题, 所提EFGM不仅可以捕获动态图的节点属性和边邻接属性, 还可以捕获节点的时间快照信息.本文对真实数据集进行实验验证, 实验结果表明EFGM算法将动态图与先验信息融合到一个统一的进化因子图框架中, 既使得聚类结果满足先验知识, 又契合动态图的整体演化规律, 有效验证了本文方法的有效性.
    Recommended by Associate Editor ZHU Jun
    1)  本文责任编委 朱军
  • 图  1  进化因子图模型示意图

    Fig.  1  Diagram of the evolution factor graph model

    图  2  特征数目对NMI指标的影响

    Fig.  2  The impact of the number of features on NMI score

    图  3  特征数目对概率误差的影响

    Fig.  3  The impact of the number of features on RE score

    图  4  训练集所占比例对NMI指标的影响

    Fig.  4  The impact of the training set percentage on NMI score

    图  5  训练集所占比例对概率误差的影响

    Fig.  5  The impact of the training set percentage on RE score

    表  1  相关符号说明

    Table  1  Description of symbols

    符号 说明
    $G_L $ 部分标注网络
    $V_L $ 被标注的节点
    $V_U $ 未被标注的节点
    $E$ 图中的边集合
    $W$ $W_{ij} $为节点$V_i $的第$j_{th} $个属性值
    $f$ 映射函数, 将每个节点$i$赋予相应的标签, 记为$f_i$
    $\Omega $ 部分标注动态网络
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  DBLP数据集的会议名称和聚类簇标签

    Table  2  Conference names and their clustering labels of DBLP dataset

    聚类簇标签 会议名称
    AI & ML IJCAI, AAAI, ICML, UAI, AISTATS
    AL & TH FOCS, STOC, SODA, COLT
    CV CVPR, ICCV, ECCV, BMVC
    DB EDBT, ICDE, PODS, SIGMOD, VLDB
    DM KDD, SDM, ICDM, PAKDD
    IR SIGIR, ECIR
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  DBLP会议论文网络的统计信息

    Table  3  Statistics of DBLP conference network

    年份 作者关系 关系数量
    2001 3 074 5 743
    2002 2 557 5 343
    2003 3 836 7 700
    2004 3 464 7 132
    2005 5 198 11 171
    2006 4 494 9 392
    2007 7 294 15 708
    2008 5 780 12 398
    2009 6 405 14 321
    2010 5 757 12 738
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  真实网络图的实验结果比较

    Table  4  Comparison of results on real-world graphs

    网络集 相应算法 NMI RE
    HEPCitation EFGM 0.845 0.203
    FFGM 0.393 0.478
    CFGM 0.824 0.245
    MV 0.578 0.450
    SVM 0.502 0.423
    DBLP EFGM 0.885 0.196
    FFGM 0.493 0.280
    CFGM 0.814 0.235
    MV 0.678 0.350
    SVM 0.560 0.323
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  各个算法在真实网络数据集上的处理时间比较(秒)

    Table  5  Comparison of the execution time on a real-world networks (s)

    运行时间(s) EFGM FFGM CFGM MV SVM
    HEPCitation 282.8 269.2 272.6 220.3 394.4
    DBLP 123.8 110.3 108.2 84 232.3
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  6  不同特征提取方法的实验结果比较

    Table  6  Comparison of results on different feature extraction methods

    特征提取方法 NMI RE
    ReFeX EFGM 0.837 0.222
    FFGM 0.372 0.427
    CFGM 0.799 0.253
    Node2vec EFGM 0.852 0.193
    FFGM 0.402 0.392
    CFGM 0.819 0.235
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2017-07-01
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