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Robust H Fuzzy Output-feedback Control With Both General Multiple Probabilistic Delays and Multiple Missing Measurements and Random Missing Control

Zhang Bishan Ma Zhongjun Yang Meixiang

张必山, 马忠军, 杨美香. 既含有一般多个随机延迟以及多个测量丢失和随机控制丢失的鲁棒H∞模糊输出反馈控制. 自动化学报, 2017, 43(9): 1656-1664. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.2017.e150082
引用本文: 张必山, 马忠军, 杨美香. 既含有一般多个随机延迟以及多个测量丢失和随机控制丢失的鲁棒H模糊输出反馈控制. 自动化学报, 2017, 43(9): 1656-1664. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.2017.e150082
Zhang Bishan, Ma Zhongjun, Yang Meixiang. Robust H∞ Fuzzy Output-feedback Control With Both General Multiple Probabilistic Delays and Multiple Missing Measurements and Random Missing Control. ACTA AUTOMATICA SINICA, 2017, 43(9): 1656-1664. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.2017.e150082
Citation: Zhang Bishan, Ma Zhongjun, Yang Meixiang. Robust H Fuzzy Output-feedback Control With Both General Multiple Probabilistic Delays and Multiple Missing Measurements and Random Missing Control. ACTA AUTOMATICA SINICA, 2017, 43(9): 1656-1664. doi: 10.16383/j.aas.2017.e150082

Robust H Fuzzy Output-feedback Control With Both General Multiple Probabilistic Delays and Multiple Missing Measurements and Random Missing Control


DOI: 10.16383/j.aas.2017.e150082
详细信息
    作者简介:

    Zhongjun Ma received the M.S. degree from the Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China, in 2004, and the Ph.D. degree from Shanghai University, Shanghai, China, in 2007. He is currently a Professor with the School of Mathematics and Computing Science, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, China. His research interests include multiagent systems, nonlinear systems, and complex networks. E-mail: mzj1234402@163.com

    Meixiang Yang received the M.S. degree from Guilin University of Electronic Technology, China, in 2006. She is currently a Lecturer at the School of Mathematic and Computing Science, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, China. Her research interests include robust control, optimal control and their applications in motion control system. E-mail: meixiangyang2016@163.com

    通讯作者: Bishan Zhang received the M.S. degree from Chongqing University, China, in 2003. He is currently an Associate Professor with the School of Mathematics and Computing Science, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, China. His research interests include robust control, neural networks and their applications in motion control system. Corresponding author of this paper. E-mail: bshzhang30@sina.com
  • 基金项目:

    the Outstanding Young Teachers Training in Higher Education Institutions of Guangxi gxqg022014025

    the National Natural Science Foundation of China 11562006

    the Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi Province 2015GXNSFAA139013

    the National Natural Science Foundation of China 11661025

Robust H Fuzzy Output-feedback Control With Both General Multiple Probabilistic Delays and Multiple Missing Measurements and Random Missing Control

More Information
    Author Bio:

    Zhongjun Ma received the M.S. degree from the Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China, in 2004, and the Ph.D. degree from Shanghai University, Shanghai, China, in 2007. He is currently a Professor with the School of Mathematics and Computing Science, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, China. His research interests include multiagent systems, nonlinear systems, and complex networks. E-mail: mzj1234402@163.com

    Meixiang Yang received the M.S. degree from Guilin University of Electronic Technology, China, in 2006. She is currently a Lecturer at the School of Mathematic and Computing Science, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, China. Her research interests include robust control, optimal control and their applications in motion control system. E-mail: meixiangyang2016@163.com

    Corresponding author: Bishan Zhang received the M.S. degree from Chongqing University, China, in 2003. He is currently an Associate Professor with the School of Mathematics and Computing Science, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, China. His research interests include robust control, neural networks and their applications in motion control system. Corresponding author of this paper. E-mail: bshzhang30@sina.com
  • Fund Project:

    the Outstanding Young Teachers Training in Higher Education Institutions of Guangxi gxqg022014025

    the National Natural Science Foundation of China 11562006

    the Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi Province 2015GXNSFAA139013

    the National Natural Science Foundation of China 11661025

  • 摘要: 这篇文章研究了一类不确定离散时间模糊系统的鲁棒H控制问题,这类系统是既含有多个随机延迟、多测量丢失又含有从模糊控制器到发生器的随机控制信号丢失.描述随机通信延迟和随机控制信号丢失的随机变量认为是相互独立服从贝努利分布.测量丢失现象认为是随机发生的.假定对每个传感器发生丢失的概率位于区间[0,1]上是给定的.大量的注意力集中在设计H模糊输出反馈控制器以确保所得到的闭环Tagagi-Segeno(T-S)系统按均方意义是指数稳定的.文章所用的方法能使扰动拒绝达到说给定的指标.通过大量的分析得出了满足指数稳定性以及预先给定的H性能指标的容许输出反馈控制器的存在性的充分条件.另外,锥型补线性化过程用于将控制设计问题转化成能用半正定规划方法求解的序列极小化问题.最后,模拟结果证实了文中所提出的设计方法的可行性和有效性.
    Recommended by Associate Editor Jiming Chen
  • Fig.  1  Framework of output feedback control systems over network environment.

    Fig.  2  State evolution $x(k)$ of uncontrolled systems.

    Fig.  3  State evolution $x(k)$ of controlled systems.

    Fig.  4  Output feedback controller $x_c(k)$.

    Fig.  5  Controlled output $z(k)$.

    Fig.  6  Output feedback controller $u(k)$.

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-06-16
  • 录用日期:  2016-08-02
  • 刊出日期:  2017-09-20

Robust H Fuzzy Output-feedback Control With Both General Multiple Probabilistic Delays and Multiple Missing Measurements and Random Missing Control

doi: 10.16383/j.aas.2017.e150082
    作者简介:

    Zhongjun Ma received the M.S. degree from the Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China, in 2004, and the Ph.D. degree from Shanghai University, Shanghai, China, in 2007. He is currently a Professor with the School of Mathematics and Computing Science, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, China. His research interests include multiagent systems, nonlinear systems, and complex networks. E-mail: mzj1234402@163.com

    Meixiang Yang received the M.S. degree from Guilin University of Electronic Technology, China, in 2006. She is currently a Lecturer at the School of Mathematic and Computing Science, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, China. Her research interests include robust control, optimal control and their applications in motion control system. E-mail: meixiangyang2016@163.com

    通讯作者: Bishan Zhang received the M.S. degree from Chongqing University, China, in 2003. He is currently an Associate Professor with the School of Mathematics and Computing Science, Guilin University of Electronic Technology, Guilin, China. His research interests include robust control, neural networks and their applications in motion control system. Corresponding author of this paper. E-mail: bshzhang30@sina.com
基金项目:

the Outstanding Young Teachers Training in Higher Education Institutions of Guangxi gxqg022014025

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 11562006

the Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi Province 2015GXNSFAA139013

the National Natural Science Foundation of China 11661025

摘要: 这篇文章研究了一类不确定离散时间模糊系统的鲁棒H控制问题,这类系统是既含有多个随机延迟、多测量丢失又含有从模糊控制器到发生器的随机控制信号丢失.描述随机通信延迟和随机控制信号丢失的随机变量认为是相互独立服从贝努利分布.测量丢失现象认为是随机发生的.假定对每个传感器发生丢失的概率位于区间[0,1]上是给定的.大量的注意力集中在设计H模糊输出反馈控制器以确保所得到的闭环Tagagi-Segeno(T-S)系统按均方意义是指数稳定的.文章所用的方法能使扰动拒绝达到说给定的指标.通过大量的分析得出了满足指数稳定性以及预先给定的H性能指标的容许输出反馈控制器的存在性的充分条件.另外,锥型补线性化过程用于将控制设计问题转化成能用半正定规划方法求解的序列极小化问题.最后,模拟结果证实了文中所提出的设计方法的可行性和有效性.

English Abstract

    • Since recent few decades, some researchers focus their energy on the robust stability and controller design problems about the networked-control systems (NCSs) with some uncertain parameters because some networked-control systems have been succeeded in applications in modern complicated industry processes, e.g., aircraft and space shuttle, nuclear power stations, high-performance automobiles, etc. The fuzzy-logic control based on the Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) is widely used to dealing with complex nonlinear systems because it has simple dynamic structure and highly accurate approximation to any smooth nonlinear function in any compact set. One can consult [1]$-$[8] and the other cited literature therein [9]$-$[31]. Data-packet dropout is an important issue to be addressed in the networked-control systems [6], [32]. Zhang [33] solves the problem of $H_\infty$ estimation for a class of Markov jump linear systems but he neglect possible dropout in practice. Reference [34] reports the problem of $H_\infty$ stability of discrete-time switched linear system with average dwell time and with no dropout. In [6], piecewise Lyapunov function is proposed to analyze robust of the nonlinear NCSs without time-delay issue. Random data-packet dropout and time delay are well considered but the controlled NCSs are linear systems in [32]. Reference [8] discusses the problem of robust $H_\infty$ output feedback control for a class of continuous-time Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy affine dynamic systems with parametric uncertainties and input constraints on ignoring some nonlinearities induced by system with data-packet dropout and random time delay. Reference [5] investigates the robust $H_\infty$ stability of a class of half nonlinear NCSs with multiple probabilistic delays and multiple missing measurements regardless of the dropout in the forward path. According to above consideration, we investigate a class of new nonlinear NCSs, in which not only sensors communicate with controllers by network but also controllers do with actuator in the same manner.

      The highlights of this paper, which lie primarily on the new research problems and new system models, are summarized as follows:

      1) A new model is established, in which the controllers communicate with the actuator by a wireless network and the random missing control from the controller to the actuator occurs and the sensors do with the controllers in the same manner.

      2) The investigation on the T-S fuzzy model is used for a class of complex systems that describe the modeling errors, disturbance rejection attenuation, probabilistic delay, missing measurements and missing control within the same framework.

      The rest of this paper is organized as follows. The problem under consideration is formulated in Section 2. Development of robust $H_{\infty}$ fuzzy control performance on the exponentially stability the closed-loop fuzzy system are placed in Section 3. Section 4 gives design of robust $H_\infty$ fuzzy controller. An illustrative example is given in Section 5, and we conclude the paper in Section 6.

      Notation 1: The notation used in the paper is fairly standard. %The superscript "T" stands for matrix transpose; $\mathbb{R}^n$ denotes the $n$-dimensional real vectors; $\mathbb{R}^{m\times n}$ denotes the $n$-dimensional matrix; and $I$ and 0 represent the identity matrix and zero matrix, respectively. The notation $P>0$ ($P\geq 0$) means that $P$ is real symmetric and positive definite (semi-definite), ${\rm tr}(M)$ refers to the trace of the matrix $M$, and $ \|\cdot\|_2 $ stands for the usual $l_2$ norm. In symmetric block matrices or complex matrix expressions, we use an "$\star$" to represent a term that is induced by symmetry, and ${\rm diag}\{\cdots\}$ stands for a block-diagonal matrix. In addition, ${E}\{x\}$ and ${E}\{x|y\}$ will, respectively, mean expectation of $x$ and expectation of $x $ conditional on $y$.

    • In this note, the output feedback control problem for discrete-time fuzzy systems in NCSs is taken in our consideration, where the frame-work is depicted in Fig. 1.

      Figure 1.  Framework of output feedback control systems over network environment.

      The sensors are connected to a network, which are shared by other NCSs and susceptible to communication delays and missing measurements or pack dropouts). As Fig. 1 depicts, pack dropouts from the controller to actuator can take place stochastically. The fuzzy systems with multiple stochastic communication delays and uncertain parameters can be read as follows:

      Plant Rule $i$: If $\theta_{1}(k) $ is $ M_{i1}$, and $\theta_{2}(k)$ is $M_{i2}$, and, $\ldots$, and $\theta_{p}(k)$ is $M_{ip}$, then

      $ \begin{align} x(k+1)=&\ A_i(k)x(k)+A_{di}\sum\limits_{m=1}^{h}\alpha_m(k)x(k-\tau_m(k))\notag\\ & +B_{1i}u(k)+D_{1i}v(k)\notag\\ \tilde{y}(k)=&\ C_ix(k)+D_{1i}v(k)\notag\\ z(k)=&\ C_{zi}(k)+B_{2i}u(k)+D_{3i}v(k)\notag\\ x(k)=&\ \phi(k)\quad\forall\, {k}\in \mathbb{Z}^{-}, ~\, i=1, \ldots, r \end{align} $

      (1)

      where $M_{ij}$ is the fuzzy set, $r$ stands for the number of If-then rules, and $\theta(k)=[\theta_1(k), \theta_2(k), \ldots, \theta_{p}(k)]$ is the premise variable vector, which is independent of the input variable $u(k)$. $x(k)\in \mathbb{R}^n$ is the state vector, $u(k)\in \mathbb{R}^m$, $\tilde{y}$ $\in$ $\mathbb{R}^s$ is the process output, $z(k)\in \mathbb{R}^q$ is the controlled output, $v(k)\in \mathbb{R}^p$ presents a vector of exogenous inputs, which belongs to $l_2[0, \infty)$, $\tau_m(k)$ $(m=1, 2, \ldots, h)$ are the communication delays that vary with the stochastic variables $\alpha_m(k)$, and $\phi(k)$ $(\forall\, {k}\in \mathbb{Z}^{-})$ is the initial state.

      The stochastic variables $\alpha_m(k)\in \mathbb{R}$ $(m=1, 2, \ldots, h)$ in (1) are assumed to satisfy mutually uncorrelated Bernoulli-distributed-white sequences described as follows:

      $ \begin{align} & {\rm Prob}\{\alpha_m(k)=1\}={E}\{\alpha_m(k)\}=\bar{\alpha}_m\notag\\ & {\rm Prob}\{\alpha_m(k)=0\}=1-\bar{\alpha}_m.\notag \end{align} $

      In this note, one can make the random communication-time delays satisfy the following assumption that the time-varying $\tau_m(k)$ $ (m=1, 2, \ldots, h)$ are subject to $ d_t\leq \tau_m(k)$ $\leq$ $d_T$. The matrices $A_i(k)=A_i+\Delta{A_i(k)}$, $C_{zi}(k)= C_{zi}$ $+$ $\Delta{C_{zi}}(k)$, where $ A_i, A_{di}, B_{1i}, B_{2i}, C_i, C_{zi}, D_{1i}, D_{2i}$, and $D_{3i}$ are known constant matrices with compatible dimensions. $\Delta{A_i(k)} $ and $\Delta C_{zi}(k)$ with the time-varying norm-bounded uncertainties satisfy

      $ \begin{align} \left[ \begin{array}{c} \Delta A_i(k)\\ \Delta C_{zi}(k)\\ \end{array} \right]=\left[ \begin{array}{c} H_{ai}\\ H_{ci}\\ \end{array} \right]F(k)E \end{align} $

      (2)

      with $H_{ai}$, $H_{ci}$ being constant matrices and $F^T(k)F(k)\leq I$, $\forall\, {k}$.

      In this note, the packet dropout (the miss-measurement) read as

      $ \begin{align} y_c(k)&= \Xi{C_i}x(k)+D_{2i}(k)\notag\\ &=\sum\limits_{l=1}^{s}\beta_lC_{il}x(k)+D_{2i}v(k)\notag\\ u(k)&=W(k)u_c(k)=W(k)C_{ki}x_c(k) \end{align} $

      (3)

      where $\Xi=\hbox{diag}\{\beta_1, \ldots, \beta_s\}$ with $\beta_l$ $(l=1, 2, \ldots, s)$ being $s$ unrelated random variables, which are also unrelated with $\alpha_m(k)$ and $W(k)$ denoting the random packet missing from the controllers to the actuator. One can assume that $\beta_l $ has the probabilistic-density function $q_l(s)$ $(l=1, 2, \ldots, s)$ on the interval $[0, 1]$ with mathematical expectation $\mu_l$ and variance $\sigma_l^2$. $C_{il}={\rm diag}\{\underbrace{0, \ldots, 0}\limits_{l-1}, 1, \underbrace{0, \ldots, 0}\limits_{s-l}\}C_i$. We denote the stochastic pack dropouts from the controller to the actuator by $W(k)= {\rm diag}\{\omega_1(k), \ldots, \omega_m(k)\}$, where $\omega_l$ $(l=$ $1, 2, \ldots, m)$ are mutually unrelated random variables and obey Bernoulli distribution with mathematical expectation $\bar{\omega}_l$ and variance$\rho_l $and assumed to be unrelated with $\alpha_m(k)$. For a given pair of $(x(k), u(k))$, the final output of the fuzzy system is read as

      $ \begin{align} x(k+1)=&\, \sum\limits_{i=1}^{r}h_i(\theta(k))[A_i(k)x(k)+B_{1, i}u(k)\notag\\ &\, +A_{di}\sum\limits_{m=1}^{h}x(k-\tau_m(k))+D_{1i}v(k)]\notag\\ y_c(k)=&\, \sum\limits_{i=1}^{r}h_i(\theta(k))[\Xi{C_i}x(k)+D_{2i}v(k)]\notag\\ z(k)=&\, \sum\limits_{i=1}^{r}h_i(\theta(k))[C_{zi}(k)x(k)+B_{2i}u(k)+D_{3i}v(k)] \end{align} $

      (4)

      where the fuzzy-basis functions are described as

      $ \begin{align} &{h_i(\theta(k))}=\frac {\vartheta_i(\theta(k))} {\sum\limits_{i=1}^{r}\vartheta_i(\theta(k))}\notag\\ &\vartheta_i(\theta(k))=\prod\limits_{j=1}^{p}M_{ij}(\theta_j(k))\notag \end{align} $

      with $M_{ij}(\theta_j(k))$ being the grade of membership of $\theta_j(k)$ in $M_{ij}$. It is clear that $\vartheta_i(\theta(k))\geq 0$, $i=1, 2, \ldots, r$, $\sum_{i=1}^{r}\vartheta_i(\theta(k))>0$, $\forall\, {k}$, and $h_i(\theta(k))\geq 0$, $i=1, 2, \ldots, r$, $\sum_{i=1}^{r}h_i(\theta(k))=1$, $\forall\, {k}$. In the sequel, we denote $h_i=h_i(\theta(k))$ for brevity.

      In the note, the fuzzy dynamic output-feedback controller for the fuzzy system (4) is given as

      Controller Rule $i$: If $\theta_1(k)$ is $M_{il}$ and $\theta_2(k)$ is $M_{i2}$ and, $\ldots$, and $\theta_p(k)$ is $M_{ip}$ then

      $ \begin{align} \begin{cases} x_c(k+1)=A_{ki}x_c(k)+B_{ki}y_c(k)\\ u(k)= W(k)C_{ki}x_c(k) \end{cases} \end{align} $

      (5)

      with $x_c(k)\in \mathbb{R}^n$ being the controller state along with the controller parameters $A_{ki}$, $B_{ki}$ and $C_{ki}$ to be determined. Naturally, the overall fuzzy output-feedback controller is read as

      $ \begin{align} \begin{cases} x_c(k+1)=\sum\limits_{i=1}^{r}h_i[A_{ki}x_c(k)+B_{ki}y(k)]\\ u(k)=\sum\limits_{i=1}^{r}h_iW(k)C_{ki}x_c(k), \ \ i=1, 2, \ldots, r. \end{cases} \end{align} $

      (6)

      Combining (6) with (4), we can obtain the closed-loop system described as

      $ \begin{align} \begin{cases} \bar{x}(k+1)=\sum\limits_{i-1}^{r}\sum\limits_{j=1}^{r}h_ih_j[(A_{ij}+B_{ij})\bar{x}(k)+D_{ij}v(k) \\ \qquad \qquad \quad\, +\sum\limits_{m=1}^{h}(\bar{A}_{dmi}+\tilde{A}_{dmi})\bar{x}(k-\tau_m(k)]\\ z(k)=\sum\limits_{i=1}^{r}\sum\limits_{j=1}^{r}h_ih_j[\bar{C}_{ij}(k)+\bar{\bar{C}}_{ij}]\bar{x}(k) +D_{3i}v(k) \end{cases} \end{align} $

      (7)

      where

      $ \begin{align*} &\bar{x}(k)=\left[ \begin{array}{c} x(k) \\ x_c(k) \\ \end{array} \right], \quad A_{ij}=\left[ \begin{array}{cc} A_i(k)&B_{1i}\bar{W}C_{kj} \\ B_{ki}\bar{\Xi}C_j&A_{ki} \\ \end{array} \right]\\[1mm] &B_{ij}=\left[ \begin{array}{cc} 0& B_{1i}\tilde{W}(k)C_{kj}\\ B_{ki}\tilde{\Xi}C_j& 0\\ \end{array} \right]\\[1mm] &\bar{A}_{dmi}=\left[ \begin{array}{cc} \bar{\alpha}_mA_{di}&0 \\ 0&0 \\ \end{array} \right], \quad \tilde{A}_{dmi}=\left[ \begin{array}{cc} \tilde{\alpha}_mA_{di}&0 \\ 0&0 \\ \end{array} \right]\\[1mm] &D_{ij}=\left[ \begin{array}{c} D_{1i} \\ B_{ki}D_{2j} \\ \end{array} \right], \quad \bar{C}_{ij}(k)=\bigg[ \begin{array}{cc} C_{zi}(k)&B_{2i}\bar{W}C_{kj} \\ \end{array} \bigg]\\[1mm] &\bar{\bar{C}}_{ij}(k)=\bigg[ \begin{array}{cc} 0&B_{2i}\tilde{W}(k)C_{kj} \\ \end{array} \bigg] \end{align*} $

      with $\tilde{\alpha}_m(k)=\alpha_m(k)-\bar{\alpha}_m(k)$ and $\tilde{\omega}_j(k)={\omega}_j(k)-\bar{\omega}_j(k)$. It is evident that $E\{\tilde{\alpha}_m(k)\}=0$ and that $E\{\tilde{\omega}_j(k)\}=0$ and that $E\{\tilde{\alpha}_m^2(k)\}=\bar{\alpha}_m(1-\bar{\alpha}_m)=\sigma_m^2$ and that $E\{\tilde{\omega}_j^2(k)\}$ $=$ $\bar{\omega}_j(1-\bar{\omega}_j)=\rho_j^2$.

      Denote

      $ \begin{align*} &\bar{x}(k-\tau)\\ &=\left[ \!\!\begin{array}{cccc} \ \ \bar{x}^T(k-\tau_1(k)) &\!\bar{x}^T(k-\tau_2(k))&\! \cdots &\!\bar{x}^T(k-\tau_h(k))\ \ \\ \end{array} \!\!\right]^T\\ &\xi(k)=\left[ \begin{array}{ccc} \bar{x}^T(k)&\bar{x}^T(k-\tau) &v^T(k) \\ \end{array} \right]^T\end{align*} $

      then (7) can also be rewritten as

      $ \begin{align} \begin{cases} \bar{x}(k+1) =\sum\limits_{i=1}^{r}\sum\limits_{j=1}^{r}h_ih_j\left[A_{ij}\!+B_{ij}, \hat{Z}_{mi}\!+\Delta\hat{Z}_{mi}, D_{ij}\right]\xi(k) \\ z(k)=\sum\limits_{i=1}^{r}\sum\limits_{j=1}^{r}h_ih_j\left[\bar{C}_{ij}+ \bar{\bar{C}}_{ij}, 0, D_{3i}\right]\xi(k) \end{cases} \end{align} $

      (8)

      where $\hat{Z}_{mi}=[\bar{A}_{d1i}, \ldots, \bar{A}_{dhi}]$ and $\Delta\hat{Z}_{mi}=[\tilde{A}_{d1i}, \ldots, \tilde{A}_{dhi}]$. In order to smoothly formulate the problem in the note, we introduce the following definition.

      Definition 1: For the system (7) and every initial conditions $\phi$, the trivial solution is said to be exponentially mean square stable if, in the case of $v(k)=0$, there exist constants $\delta>0$ and $0<\kappa<1$ such that $E\{\|\bar{x}(k)\|^2\}$ $\leq$ $\delta\kappa^k \sup_{-d_M\leq i\leq 0}E\{\|{\phi(i)}\|^2\}$, $\forall\, {k}\geq 0$.

      We will develop techniques to settle the robust $H_{\infty}$ dynamic output feedback problem for the discrete-time fuzzy system (7) subject to the following conditions:

      1) The fuzzy system (7) is exponentially stable in the mean square.

      2) Under zero-initial condition, the controlled output $z(k)$ satisfies

      $ \begin{align} \sum\limits_{k=0}^{\infty}E\left\{\|{z(k)}\|^2\right\}\leq \gamma^2\sum\limits_{k=0}^{\infty}E\left\{\|{v(k)}\|^2\right\} \end{align} $

      (9)

      for all nonzero $v(k)$, where $\gamma>0$ is a prescribed scalar.

      Remark 1: The proposed new model has the function that not only the controllers communicate with the actuator by wireless but also the sensors do with the controllers by the same manner.

    • At first, we give the following lemma, which will be adopted in obtaining our main results.

      Lemma 1 (Schur complement): Given constant matrices $S_1$, $S_2$, $S_3$, where $S_1=S_1^T$ and $0<S_2=S_2^T$, then $ S_1$ $+$ $S_3^TS_2^{-1}S_3$ $<$ $0$ if and only if

      $ \begin{align*} \left[ \begin{array}{cc} S_1&S_3^T \\ S_3 &-S_2 \\ \end{array} \right]<0~~ \hbox{or}~~ \left[ \begin{array}{cc} -S_2&S_3 \\ S_3^T&S_1 \\ \end{array} \right]<0. \end{align*} $

      Lemma 2 (S-procedure) [5]: Letting $L=L^T$ and $H$ and $E$ be real matrices of appropriate dimensions with $F$ satisfying $FF^T\leq I$, then $ L+HFE+E^TF^TH^T<0$ if and only if there exists a positive scalar $\varepsilon>0$ such that $L$ $+$ $\varepsilon^{-1}HH^T+\varepsilon E^TE<0$, or equivalently

      $ \begin{align*} \left[ \begin{array}{ccc} L&H&\varepsilon{E^T} \\ H^T &-\varepsilon{I}&0 \\ \varepsilon{E}&0 &-\varepsilon{I} \\ \end{array} \right]<0. \end{align*} $

      Lemma 3: For any real matrices $X_{ij}$ for $i$, $j=1, 2, \ldots, $ $r$ and $n>0$ with appropriate dimensions, we have [35]

      $ \sum\limits_{i=1}^r\sum\limits_{j=1}^r\sum\limits_{l=1}^r\sum\limits_{l=1}^rh_ih_jh_kh_lX_{ij}^T\Lambda{X_{kl}}\leq\sum\limits_{i=1}^r\sum\limits_{j=1}^rh_ih_jX_{ij}^T\Lambda X_{ij}. $

      Theorem 1: For given controller parameters and a prescribed $H_{\infty}$ performance $\gamma>0$, the nominal fuzzy system (7) is exponentially stable if there exist matrices $P>0$ and $Q_k$ $>$ $0$, $k=1, 2, \ldots, h$, satisfying

      $ \left[ \begin{array}{cc} \Pi_i&\star \\ 0.5\Sigma_{ii}&\bigwedge \\ \end{array} \right]<0 $

      (10)

      $ \left[ \begin{array}{cc} 4\Pi_i&\star \\ \Sigma_{ij}&\bigwedge \\ \end{array} \right]<0, \quad 1\leq i<j\leq r $

      (11)

      where

      $ \Pi_i =\ {\rm diag}\bigg\{-P+\sum\limits_{k=1}^h(d_T-d_t+1)Q_k, \hat{\alpha}\breve{A}_{di}^T\breve{P} \breve{A}_{di}\notag\\ \ \ \ \ \ \ -{\rm diag}\{Q_1, Q_2, \ldots, Q_h\}, -\gamma^2I\bigg\} $

      (12)

      $\begin{align*} \hat{\alpha}=&\ {\rm diag}\left\{\bar{\alpha}_1(1-\bar{\alpha}_1), \ldots, \bar{\alpha}_h(1-\bar{\alpha}_h)\right\}\notag\\ \breve{A}_{di}=&\ {\rm diag}\{\underbrace{\hat{A}_{di}, \ldots, \hat{A}_{di}}\limits_h\}\notag\\ \check{C}_{ij}=&\ \left[\sigma_1\hat{C}_{11ij}^TP, \ldots\!, \sigma_s\hat{C}_{1sij}^TP, \rho_1\hat{C}_{k1ij}^TP, \ldots\!, \rho_m\hat{C}_{kmij}^TP\right]^T\notag\\ &\check{P}=\hbox{diag}\{\underbrace{P, \ldots, P}\limits_{s+m}\}\\ &{\small\bigwedge}=\hbox{diag}\{-\check{P}, -P, -I, \hbox{diag}\{\underbrace{-I, \ldots, -I}\limits_m\}\}\\ &\breve{P}=\hbox{diag}\{\underbrace{P, \ldots, P}\limits_h\}\\ &\hat{A}_{di}=\left[ \begin{array}{cc} A_{di}&0\\ 0&0\\ \end{array} \right] \\ &\Sigma_{ij}=\\ &\!\!\!\left[\!\!{\small \begin{array}{ccccc} \check{C}_{ij}\!+\!\check{C}_{ji}\! &\! 0\!&\!0 \\[2mm] PA_{ij}\!+\!PA_{ji} \! &\! P\hat{Z}_{mi}\!+\!P\hat{Z}_{mj} \! &\!PD_{ij}\!+\!PD_{ji}\\[2mm] \bar{C}_{ij}\!+\!\bar{C}_{ji}\! &\!0\! &\!D_{3i}\!+\!D_{3j}\\[2mm] \, [0 ~~ \rho_1B_{2i}C_{kj1}\!+\!\rho_1B_{2j}C_{ki1}] \! &\!0\! &\!0\\[2mm] \vdots\! &\!\vdots\! &\!\vdots\\[2mm] \, [0 ~~ \rho_mB_{2i}C_{kjm}\!+\!\rho_mB_{2j}C_{kim}]\! &\!0\! &\!0\\ \end{array}}\!\!\!\! \right]. \end{align*} $

      Proof:

      Let

      $ \begin{align*} &\Theta_j(k)=\{x(k-\tau_j(k), x(k-\tau_j(k)+1, \ldots, x(k)\}\\ &\chi(k)=\{\Theta_1(k)\bigcup\Theta_2(k)\bigcup\ldots\bigcup\Theta_h(k)\}=\bigcup\limits_{j=1}^{h}\Theta_j(k) \end{align*} $

      where $j=1, 2, \ldots, h$. We consider the following Lyapunov functional for the system of (7): $V(\chi(k))=\sum_{i=1}^3V_i(k)$, where

      $ \begin{align*} &V_1(k)=\bar{x}^T(k)P\bar{x}\\ &V_2(k)=\sum\limits_{j=1}^{h}\sum\limits_{i=k-\tau_j(k)}^{k-1}\bar{x}^T(i)Q_j\bar{x}(i)\\ &V_3(k)=\sum\limits_{j=1}^h\sum\limits_{m=-d_M+1}^{-d_m}\sum\limits_{i=k+m}^{k-1}\bar{x}^T(i)Q_j\bar{x}(i) \end{align*} $

      with $P>0$, $Q_j>0$ $(j=1, 2, \ldots, h)$ being matrices to be determined.

      $ \begin{align} {E}[\Delta{V}|x(k)]&={E}[V(\chi(k+1))|\chi(k)]-V(\chi(k))\notag\\ & ={E}[(V(\chi(k+1))-V(\chi(k)))|\chi(k)]\notag\\ & =\sum\limits_{i=1}^{3}{E}[\Delta{V_i}|\chi(k)]. \end{align} $

      (13)

      According to (7), we have

      $ \begin{align*} &{E}\{\Delta{V_1}|\chi(k)\}\\ &\qquad={E} \left[(\bar{x}^T(k+1)P\bar{x}(k+1)-\bar{x}^T(k)P\bar{x}(k))|\chi(k)\right]\\ &\qquad\leq\xi^T(k)\sum\limits_{i=1}^{r}\sum\limits_{j=1}^{r}\Omega_{ij}\xi(k) \end{align*} $

      where

      $ \begin{align} & {{\Omega }_{ij}}=E\left\{ \left[\begin{matrix} A_{ij}^{T}P{{A}_{ij}}+B_{ij}^{T}P{{B}_{ij}}-P & {} \\ \star & {} \\ \star & {} \\ \end{matrix} \right. \right. \\ & \left. \left. \begin{matrix} {} & A_{ij}^{T}P{{{\hat{Z}}}_{mi}} & A_{ij}^{T}P{{D}_{ij}} \\ {} & \hat{Z}_{mi}^{T}P{{{\hat{Z}}}_{mi}}+\Delta \hat{Z}_{mi}^{T}P\Delta {{{\hat{Z}}}_{mi}} & \hat{Z}_{mi}^{T}P{{D}_{ij}} \\ {} & \star & D_{ij}^{T}P{{D}_{ij}} \\ \end{matrix} \right] \right\} \\ \end{align} $

      $ {{B}_{ij}}=\left[\begin{matrix} 0 & 0 \\ {{B}_{ki}}\tilde{\Xi }{{C}_{j}} & 0 \\ \end{matrix} \right]+\left[\begin{matrix} 0 & {{B}_{1i}}\tilde{\omega }(k){{C}_{kj}} \\ 0 & 0 \\ \end{matrix} \right] $

      $ \begin{align} & E\{B_{ij}^{T}P{{B}_{ij}}\} \\ & \ \ \ \ \ =\sum\limits_{l=1}^{s}{\sigma _{l}^{2}}{{\left[\begin{matrix} 0 & 0 \\ {{B}_{ki}}{{C}_{jl}} & 0 \\ \end{matrix} \right]}^{T}}P\left[\begin{matrix} 0 & 0 \\ {{B}_{ki}}{{C}_{jl}} & 0 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & \ \ \ \ \ +\sum\limits_{l=1}^{m}{\rho _{l}^{2}}{{\left[\begin{matrix} 0 & {{B}_{1i}}{{C}_{kjl}} \\ 0 & 0 \\ \end{matrix} \right]}^{T}}P\left[\begin{matrix} 0 & {{B}_{1i}}{{C}_{kjl}} \\ 0 & 0 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & \ \ \ ={{({{{\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{P}}}^{-1}}{{{\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{C}}}_{lij}})}^{T}}\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{P}({{{\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{P}}}^{-1}}{{{\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{C}}}_{lij}}) \\ \end{align} $

      $ \begin{align} & \overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{P}=\rm{diag}\{\underbrace{\mathit{P}, \ldots, \mathit{P}}_{\mathit{s}+\mathit{m}}\} \\ & {{{\hat{C}}}_{1lij}}=\left[\begin{matrix} 0 & 0 \\ {{B}_{ki}}{{C}_{jl}} & 0 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{{\hat{C}}}_{klij}}=\left[\begin{matrix} 0 & {{B}_{1i}}{{C}_{kjl}} \\ 0 & 0 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{{\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{C}}}_{ij}}={{\left[{{\sigma }_{1}}\hat{C}_{11ij}^{T}P, \ldots, {{\sigma }_{s}}\hat{C}_{1sij}^{T}P, {{\rho }_{1}}\hat{C}_{k1ij}^{T}P, \ldots, {{\rho }_{m}}\hat{C}_{kmij}^{T}P \right]}^{T}} \\ \end{align} $

      $ \begin{align} & E\left\{ \Delta \hat{Z}_{mi}^{T}P\Delta {{{\hat{Z}}}_{mi}} \right\} \\ & \ \ \ \ \ =\sum\limits_{m=1}^{h}{{{{\bar{\alpha }}}_{m}}}(1-{{{\bar{\alpha }}}_{m}}){{\left[ \begin{matrix} {{A}_{di}} & 0 \\ 0 & 0 \\ \end{matrix} \right]}^{T}}P\left[ \begin{matrix} {{A}_{di}} & 0 \\ 0 & 0 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & \ \ \ \ \ \ =\sum\limits_{m=1}^{h}{\hat{A}_{di}^{T}}P{{{\hat{A}}}_{di}}=\hat{\alpha }\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{A}_{di}^{T}\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{P}{{{\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{A}}}_{di}} \\ \end{align} $

      $ \begin{align} & \hat{\alpha }=\rm{diag}\{{{{\bar{\alpha }}}_{1}}(1-{{{\bar{\alpha }}}_{1}}), \ldots, {{{\bar{\alpha }}}_\mathit{h}}(1-{{{\bar{\alpha }}}_\mathit{h}})\} \\ & {{{\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{A}}}_{di}}=\rm{diag}\{\underbrace{\mathit{{{\hat{A}}}_{di}}, \ldots, \mathit{{{\hat{A}}}_{di}}}_\mathit{h}\} \\ & E\{\Delta {{V}_{2}}|\chi (k)\}\le E\{\sum\limits_{j=1}^{h}{({{{\bar{x}}}^{T}}(}k){{Q}_{j}}\bar{x}(k) \\ & \ \ \ \ \ -{{{\bar{x}}}^{T}}(k-{{\tau }_{j}}(k)){{Q}_{j}}\bar{x}(k-{{\tau }_{j}}(k)) \\ & \ \ \ \ \ +\sum\limits_{i=k-{{d}_{M}}+1}^{k-{{d}_{m}}}{{{{\bar{x}}}^{T}}}(i){{Q}_{j}}\bar{x}(i))|\chi (k)\} \\ & E\{\Delta {{V}_{3}}|\chi (k)\}=E\{\sum\limits_{j=1}^{h}{((}{{d}_{T}}-{{d}_{t}}){{{\bar{x}}}^{T}}(k){{Q}_{j}}\bar{x}(k) \\ & \ \ \ \ \ -\sum\limits_{i=k-{{d}_{m}}+1}^{k-{{d}_{m}}}{{{{\bar{x}}}^{T}}}(i){{Q}_{j}}\bar{x}(i))|\chi (k)\}. \\ \end{align} $

      It is clear that

      $ {E}\{\Delta{V_2}|\chi(k)\}+{E}\{\Delta{V_3}|\chi(k)\}\leq\xi^T(k)T_{ij}\xi(k) $

      with

      $ \begin{align*} T_{ij}=&\ \hbox{diag}\Bigg\{\sum\limits_{k=1}^h(d_T-d_t+1)Q_k, \\ &-\hbox{diag}\{Q_1, Q_2, \ldots, Q_h\}, 0\Bigg\}.\end{align*} $

      Therefore, we have ${E}\{\Delta{V}|\chi(k)\}\leq\xi^T(k)\Gamma_{ij}\xi(k)$, where $\Gamma_{ij}$ $=$ $\Omega_{ij}+T_{ij}$. Due to

      $ \begin{align*} &{E}\left\{z^T(k)z(k)-\gamma^2v^T(k)v(k)\right\}\\ &\qquad\leq\xi(k)\sum\limits_{i=1}^r\sum\limits_{j=1}^rh_ih_j {E}\left\{[\bar{C}_{ij}+\bar{\bar{C}}_{ij}, 0, D_{3i}]^T\right.\\ &\qquad\quad \left.\times[\bar{C}_{ij}+\bar{\bar{C}}_{ij}, 0, D_{3i}] - \hbox{diag}\{0, 0, \gamma^2I\}\right\}\xi(k) \end{align*} $

      we can obtain

      $ \begin{align*} &{E}\left\{z^T(k)z(k)-\gamma^2v^T(k)v(k)+\Delta{V(k)}\right\}\\ &\qquad \leq\xi^T(k)({\Omega}_{ij}^T\hbox{diag} \{P, I\}{\Omega}_{ij}\\ &\qquad\quad +\mathcal{Z}_{ij}^T\hbox{diag}\{\check{P}, I\}\mathcal{Z}_{ij}+\bar{P})\xi(k) \end{align*} $

      where

      $ \begin{align*} &{\Omega}_{ij}=\left[ \begin{array}{ccc} A_{ij}&\hat{Z}_{mi}&D_{ij}\\ \bar{C}_{ij}&0&D_{3i}\\ \end{array} \right]\\ & \Game _{kijt}= \bigg[ \begin{array}{ccc} \left[ \begin{array}{cc} 0&\rho_tB_{2i}C_{kjt} \end{array} \right]&0&0 \end{array} \bigg]^T \\ &\mathfrak{D}_{ij}=\bigg[ \begin{array}{ccc} \Game_{kij1}&\ldots&\Game_{kijm} \end{array} \bigg]^T \\ &\mathcal{Z}_{ij}=\left[ \begin{array}{c} [\check{P}^{-1}\check{C}_{ij}, 0, 0]\\ \mathfrak{D}_{ij} \end{array} \right]\\ &\bar{P}=\hbox{diag}\bigg\{-P+\sum\limits_{k=1}^h(d_T-d_t+1)Q_k, \hat{\alpha}\breve{A}_{di}^T\breve{P} \breve{A}_{di}\\ &\qquad -\hbox{diag}\{Q_1, Q_2, \ldots, Q_h\}, -\gamma^2I\bigg\}. \end{align*} $

      Define $J(n)={E}\sum\nolimits_{k=0}^n[z^T(k)z(k)-\gamma^2v^T(k)v(k)]$, we have

      $ \begin{align*} J(n)=&\ {E}\sum\limits_{k=0}^n\left[z^T(k)z(k)-\gamma^2v^T(k)v(k)+\Delta{V(\chi(k))}\right] \\ &-{E}V(\chi(n+1))\\ \leq&\ {E}\sum\limits_{k=0}^n\left[z^T(k)z(k)-\gamma^2v^T(k)v(k)+\Delta{V(\chi(k))}\right]\\ \leq&\ \sum\limits_{k=0}^n\sum\limits_{i=1}^r\sum\limits_{j=1}^rh_ih_j\xi^T(k)({\Omega}_{ij}^T \hbox{diag} \{P, I\}{\Omega}_{ij}\\ &\ +\mathcal{Z}_{ij}^T\hbox{diag}\{\check{P}, I\}\mathcal{Z}_{ij}+\bar{P})\xi(k)\\ =&\ \sum\limits_{k=0}^n\sum\limits_{i=1}^rh_i^2\xi^T(k)({\Omega}_{ii}^T \hbox{diag} \{P, I\}{\Omega}_{ii}\\ &\ +\mathcal{Z}_{ii}^T\hbox{diag}\{\check{P}, I\}\mathcal{Z}_{ii}+\bar{P})\xi(k)\\ &\ +\frac{1}{2}\sum\limits_{k=0}^n\sum\limits_{j=1, i<j}^rh_ih_j\xi^T(k)\\ &\ \times\left[({\Omega}_{ij} +{\Omega}_{ji})^T\hbox{diag}\{P, I\}({\Omega}_{ij}+{\Omega}_{ji})\right.\\ &\ +\left. (\mathcal{Z}_{ij}+\mathcal{Z}_{ji})^T\hbox{diag}\{\check{P}, I\} (\mathcal{Z}_{ij}+\mathcal{Z}_{ji})+4\bar{P}\right]\xi(k). \end{align*} $

      According to Schur complement, we can conclude from (10) and (11) that $J(n)<0$. Letting $n\rightarrow\infty$, we have

      $ \begin{align*} \sum\limits_n^\infty{E}\left\{\|z(k)\|^2\right\}\leq\gamma^2\sum\limits_n^\infty{E}\left\{\|v(k)\|^2\right\}. \end{align*} $

      According to Schur complement again, we know that ${E}\{\Delta{V}|x(k)\}$ $<$ $0$ if and only if (10) and (11) hold true. Furthermore, one can easily verify the fact that the discrete-time nominal (7) with $v(k)=0$ is exponentially stable.

    • In this section, we are devoted to how to determine the controller parameters in (6) such that the closed-loop system (7) is exponentially stable with $H_\infty$ performace.

      By Theorem 1, one can easily draw the conclusion as follow:

      Theorem 2: For a prescribed constant $\gamma>0$, the nominal fuzzy system (7) is exponentially stable if there exist positive definite matrices $P>0$, $L>0$, $Q_k>0$ $(k=1, 2, $ $\ldots, $ $h)$, and $K_i$ and $\bar{C}_{ki}$ such that

      $ \Gamma_1=\left[ \begin{array}{cc} \Pi_i&\star \\ 0.5\bar{\Sigma}_{ii}& \bar{\Lambda} \\ \end{array} \right]<0, \ \ i=1, 2, \ldots, r $

      (14)

      $ \Gamma_2=\left[ \begin{array}{cc} 4\Pi_i&\star \\ \bar{\Sigma}_{ij}&\bar{\Lambda} \\ \end{array} \right]<0, \ \ 1\leq i<j\leq r $

      (15)

      $ PL=I $

      (16)

      hold, then the nominal system (7) is exponentially stable with disturbance attenuation $\gamma$, where $\overline{\bigwedge}=\hbox{diag}\{-\bar{L}, -L, $ $-I, $ $\hbox{diag}\{\underbrace{-I, \ldots, -I}\limits_m\}\}$

      $ \bar{\Sigma}_{ij}=\left[ \begin{array}{ccc} \Phi_{11ij}+\Phi_{11ji}&0&0 \\ \Phi_{21ij}+\Phi_{21ji}&\Phi_{22ij}+\Phi_{22ji}& \Phi_{23ij}+\Phi_{23ji} \\ \Phi_{31ij}+\Phi_{31ji}&0&\Phi_{33ij}+\Phi_{33ji} \\ \Phi_{41ij}+\Phi_{41ji}&0&0 \\ \end{array} \right] $

      (17)

      $\begin{align} &I_l=\hbox{diag}\{\underbrace{0, \ldots, 0}\limits_{l-1}, 1, \underbrace{0, \ldots, 0}\limits_{m-l}\}, \quad K_i=\bigg[ \begin{array}{cc} A_{ki}&B_{ki}\\ \end{array}\bigg] \notag\\[1mm] &\bar{C}_{ki}=\bigg[ \begin{array}{cc} 0&C_{ki}\\ \end{array} \bigg], \quad \bar{E}=\left[ \begin{array}{c} 0 \\ I \\ \end{array} \right], \quad \bar{\bar{E}}=\left[ \begin{array}{l} I \\ 0 \\ \end{array} \right] \notag\\[1mm] &\bar{A}_i=\left[ \begin{array}{cc} A_i&0 \\ 0&0 \\ \end{array} \right], \quad \bar{B}_{1i}=\left[ \begin{array}{c} B_{1i} \\ 0 \\ \end{array} \right], \quad R_{il}=\left[ \begin{array}{cc} 0&0 \\ C_{il}&0 \\ \end{array} \right] \notag\\[1mm] &\bar{D}_{1i}=\left[ \begin{array}{c} D_{1i} \\ 0 \\ \end{array} \right], \quad \bar{D}_{2i}=\left[ \begin{array}{c} 0 \\ D_{2i} \\ \end{array} \right]\notag\\[1mm] & \Phi_{11ij}=\left[ \begin{array}{c} \sigma_1\bar{E}K_iR_{j1} \\ \vdots \\ \sigma_s\bar{E}K_iR_{js} \\ \rho_1\bar{E}\beta_{1i}I_1\bar{C}_{kj} \\ \vdots \\ \rho_m\bar{E}\beta_{1i}I_m\bar{C}_{kj} \\ \end{array} \right], \ \ \Phi_{41ij}=\left[ \begin{array}{c} \rho_1B_{2i}I_1\bar{C}_{kj} \\ \vdots \\ \rho_mB_{2i}I_m\bar{C}_{kj} \\ \end{array} \right]\notag\\[1mm] & \Phi_{21ij}=\bar{A}_i+\bar{E}K_i\bar{R}_j+\bar{B}_{1i}\hbox{diag}\{w_1, \ldots, w_m\}\bar{C} _{kj} \notag\\[1mm] &\Phi_{31ij}=\bar{C}_{zi}+B_{2i}\hbox{diag}\{w_1, \ldots, w_m\}\bar{C}_{kj}\notag \\[1mm] & \bar{C}_{zi}=\left[ \begin{array}{cc} C_{zi}&0 \\ \end{array} \right], \quad \bar{L}=\hbox{diag}\{\underbrace{L, \ldots, L} \limits_{s+m}\}\notag \\[1mm] & \Phi_{22ij}=\hat{Z}_{mi}, \quad \Phi_{23ij}=D_{ij}, \quad \Phi_{33ij}=D_{3i}.\notag \end{align} $

      Proof: We rewrite the parameters in Theorem 1 in the following form:

      $ \begin{align*} & A_{ij}=\bar{A}_i+\bar{E}K_i\bar{R}_j+\bar{B}_{1i}\hbox{diag}\{w_1, \ldots, w_m\}\bar{C}_{kj} \\ &\hat{C}_{lij}=\bar{E}K_i{R}_{jl} \\ & \bar{C}_{ij}=\bar{C}_{zi}+B_{2i}\hbox{diag}\{w_1, \ldots, w_m\}\bar{C}_{kj} \\ & D_{ij}=\bar{D}_{1i}+\bar{D}_{1i}K_i\bar{D}_{2j}. \end{align*} $

      Pre-and post-multiplying the (10) and (11) by $ \hbox{diag}\{I, $ $I, $ $I, $ $\check{P}^{-1}, $ $P^{-1}, $ $\underbrace{I, \ldots, I}\limits_m\}$ and Letting $L=P^{-1}$, we have (14)$-$(16) and complete the proof easily. Now we will point out that the robust $H_\infty$ controller parameters can be determined in light of Theorem 2.

      Theorem 3: For given scalar $\gamma>0$, if there exist positive define matrices $P>0$, $L>0$, $Q_k>0$ $(k=1, 2, \ldots, h)$, and matrices $K_i$, $\bar{C}_{ki}$ of proper dimensions and a constant $\varepsilon>0$ such that

      $ \left[ \begin{array}{cc} \Gamma_1&\star \\ \Xi_{ii}&\hbox{diag}\{-\varepsilon{I}, -\varepsilon{I}\} \\ \end{array} \right]<0, \notag\\ \qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad i=1, 2, \ldots, r $

      (18)

      $ \left[ \begin{array}{cc} \Gamma_2& \star \\ \Xi_{ij}&\hbox{diag}\{-\varepsilon{I}, -\varepsilon{I}\} \\ \end{array} \right]<0, \notag\\ \qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad\qquad 1\leq i<j\leq r $

      (19)

      $ PL=I $

      (20)

      hold, where

      $ \begin{align*}&\Xi_{ii}=\left[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} 0&0&0&0&[H_{ai}^T ~~ 0] &H_{ci}^T&0 \\ \varepsilon[ E ~~ 0] &0&0&0&0&0&0 \\ \end{array} \right]\\ &\Xi_{ij}=\left[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} 0&0&0&0&[H_{ai}^T+H_{aj}^T ~~ 0] &H_{ci}^T+H_{cj}^T&0 \\ \varepsilon[E ~~ 0] &0&0&0&0&0&0 \\ \end{array} \right] \end{align*} $

      then the uncertain fuzzy system (7) is exponentially stable and the controller parameters $K_i$ and $\bar{C}_{ki} $ can be obtained naturally.

      Proof: Replace $\bar{A}_i$, $\bar{A}_j$, $\bar{C}_{zi}, $ and $ \bar{C}_{zj}$ in Theorem 2 by $\bar{A}_i+\triangle\bar{A}_i(k)$, $\bar{A}_j\triangle\bar{A}_j(k)$, $\bar{C}_{zi}+\triangle\bar{C}_{zi}(k), $ and $ \bar{C}_{zj}\, +\, \triangle\bar{C}_{zj}(k)$, respectively, where

      $ \begin{align} & \triangle\bar{A}_i(k)=\left[ \begin{array}{cc} \triangle{A}_i(k)&0 \\ 0&0 \\ \end{array} \right], \quad \triangle\bar{C}_{zi}(k)=[ \triangle{C}_{zi}(k) ~~ 0].\!\notag \end{align} $

      According to Lemma 1, (18) and (19) can be rewritten as follows:

      $ \begin{align} &\Gamma_1+{H}_1F(k){E}+{E}^TF(k)^T{H}_1^T<0\notag\\ &\Gamma_2+{H}_2F(k){E}+{E}^TF(k)^T{H}_2^T<0\notag \end{align} $

      where

      $ \begin{align*} &{E}=[E ~~ 0]\\ &{H}_1=\left[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} 0& 0&0&0&[H_{ai}^T ~~ 0] &H_{ci}^T&0 \\ \end{array} \right]\\ & {H}_2=\left[ \begin{array}{ccccccc} 0& 0&0&0 &[H_{ai}^T+H_{aj}^T ~~ 0] &H_{ci}^T+H_{cj}^T&0 \\ \end{array} \right]. \end{align*} $

      According to Lemma 1 along with Schur complement, we can easily obtain (18) and (19).

      In order to solve (18), (19) and (20), the cone-complementarity linearization (CCL) algorithm proposed in [36] and [37] is used in this note.

      The nonlinear minimization problem: $\min\hbox{tr}(PL) $ subject to (18) and (19) and

      $ \left[ \begin{matrix} P & I \\ I & L \\ \end{matrix} \right]\ge 0. $

      (21)

      The following algorithm [5] is borrowed to solve the above problem.

      Algorithm 1:

      Step 1: Find a feasible set $(P_0, L_0, Q_{k(0)}, K_{i(0)}, \bar{C}_{ki(0)})$ satisfying (18), (19) and (21). Set $q=0$.

      Step 2: Solving the linear matrix inequality (LMI) problem, $\min\hbox{tr}(PL_{(0)}+P_{(0)}L) $ subject to (18), (19) and (21).

      Step 3: Substitute the obtained matrix variables $(P$, $L$, $Q_{k}, K_{i(0)}, \bar{C}_{ki})$ into (14) and (15). If conditions(14) and (15) are satisfied with $|\hbox{tr}(PL)-n|<\delta$ for some sufficiently small scalar $\delta >0$, then output the feasible solutions. Exit.

      Step 4: If $q>N$, where $N$ is the maximum number of iterations allowed, then output the feasible solutions $(P$, $L$, $Q_{k}, K_{i}$, $\bar{C}_{ki})$, and exit. Else, set $q=q+1$, and goto Step 2.

    • we give an illustrative examples to explain the proposed model is effective and feasible in this section.

      Example 1: Consider a T-S fuzzy model (1). The rules are given as follows:

      Plant Rule 1: If $x_1(k)$ is $h_1(x_1(k))$ then

      $ \begin{align} \begin{cases} x(k+1) = A_1(k)x(k)+A_{d1}\sum\limits_{m=1}^h\alpha_m(k)x(k-\tau_m(k))\\ \qquad\qquad\quad +~B_{11}u(k)+D_{11}v(k) \\[2mm] y(k) = \Xi C_1x(k) +D_{21}v(k) \\[2mm] z(k) = C_{z1}(k)x(k)+B_{21}u(k)+D_{31}v(k) \end{cases} \end{align} $

      (21)

      Plant Rule 2: If $x_1(k)$ is $h_2(x_1(k))$ then

      $ \begin{align} \begin{cases} x(k+1) = A_2(k)x(k)+A_{d2}\sum\limits_{m=1}^h\alpha_m(k)x(k-\tau_m(k))\\ \qquad\qquad\quad +~B_{12}u(k)+D_{12}v(k) \\[2mm] y(k) =\Xi C_2x(k) +D_{22}v(k) \\[2mm] z(k) =C_{z2}(k)x(k)+B_{22}u(k)+D_{32}v(k) \end{cases} \end{align} $

      (22)

      The given model parameters are written as follows:

      $ \begin{align} & {{A}_{1}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 1 & 0.2 & 0 \\ 0.1 & 0.1 & 0.1 \\ 0.1 & 0.2 & 0.2 \\ \end{matrix} \right],\quad {{D}_{11}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.1 \\ 0 \\ 0 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{A}_{d1}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.03 & 0 & -0.01 \\ 0.02 & 0.03 & 0 \\ 0.04 & 0.05 & -0.1 \\ \end{matrix} \right], \quad {{B}_{11}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 1 & 1 \\ 0.4 & 1 \\ 0 & 1 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{D}_{31}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} -0.1 \\ 0 \\ 0.1 \\ \end{matrix} \right], \quad \ {{C}_{1}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 1 & 0.8 & 0.7 \\ -0.6 & 0.9 & 0.6 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{C}_{2}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.1 & 0.8 & 0.7 \\ -0.6 & 0.9 & 0.6 \\ \end{matrix} \right],\quad {{D}_{21}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.15 \\ 0 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{D}_{22}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.1 \\ 0 \\ \end{matrix} \right], \quad \ {{C}_{z1}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.2 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0.1 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{B}_{21}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 1 & 1 \\ 0 & 1 \\ 0 & 1 \\ \end{matrix} \right], \quad {{H}_{a1}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.1 \\ 0.1 \\ 0.1 \\ \end{matrix} \right],\quad {{H}_{c1}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.1 \\ 0 \\ 0.1 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{H}_{a2}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.1 \\ 0 \\ 0.1 \\ \end{matrix} \right], \quad \ {{H}_{c2}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.1 \\ 0 \\ 0.5 \\ \end{matrix} \right],\quad {{D}_{32}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.1 \\ 0 \\ 0.1 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & E={{\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.1 \\ 0.1 \\ 0.1 \\ \end{matrix} \right]}^{T}},{{A}_{2}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 1 & -0.38 & 0 \\ -0.2 & 0 & 0.21 \\ 0.1 & 0 & -0.55 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{B}_{12}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 1 & 0 \\ 1 & 1 \\ 0 & 1 \\ \end{matrix} \right],\quad {{A}_{d2}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0 & 0.01 & -0.01 \\ 0.02 & 0.03 & 0 \\ 0.04 & 0.05 & -0.1 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{D}_{12}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.1 \\ 0 \\ 0.1 \\ \end{matrix} \right],\quad {{C}_{z2}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0.2 & 0 & 0.2 \\ 0 & 0.1 & 0.2 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{B}_{22}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 \\ 1 & 1 \\ \end{matrix} \right]. \\ \end{align} $

      Assume that the time-varying communication delays satisfy $2 \leq\tau_m\leq 6$ $(m=1, 2)$ and

      $ \begin{align*} & \bar{\alpha}_1={E}\{\alpha_1(k)\}=0.8, \quad\bar{\alpha}_2={E}\{\alpha_2(k)\}=0.6 \\[1mm] & \bar{\omega}_1={E}\{\omega_1(k)\}=0.4, \quad \bar{\omega}_2={E}\{\omega_2(k)\}=0.6. \end{align*} $

      Assume also that the probabilistic density functions of $\beta_1$ and $\beta_2$ in $[0 \quad 1]$ are read as

      $ \begin{align} q_1(s_1)=\begin{cases} 0,&s_1=0 \\ 0.1,&s_2=0.5 \\ 0.9,&s_3=1 \end{cases}, \quad &q_2(s_2)=\begin{cases} 0,& s_2=0\\ 0.2,&s_2=0.5 \\ 0.8,&s_3=1 \end{cases}. \end{align} $

      (23)

      The membership functions are described as

      $ \begin{align} &h_1=\begin{cases} 1,&x_0(1)=0 \\ \left|\dfrac{\sin(x_0(1))}{x_0(1)}\right|,&\hbox{else} \end{cases} \nonumber\\& h_2=1-h_1. \end{align} $

      (24)

      Now, we are to design a dynamic-output feedback paralleled controller in the form of (6) such that (7) is exponentially stable with a given $H_\infty$ norm bound $\gamma$. In the example, we assume $\gamma=0.9$ and obtain the desired $H_\infty$ controller parameters as follows

      $ \begin{align} & {{A}_{k1}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} -0.0127 & -0.0083 & -0.0317 \\ 0.0229 & 0.0149 & 0.0221 \\ -0.0588 & -0.0429 & -0.0654 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{A}_{k2}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} -0.1365 & -0.1296 & -0.0570 \\ -0.0107 & -0.0095 & 0.0239 \\ -0.0125 & -0.0129 & -0.0260 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{B}_{k1}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} -0.3236 & 0.1389 \\ 0.0291 & -0.0043 \\ -0.3077 & 0.1867 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{B}_{k2}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.1664 & 0.0834 \\ 0.1374 & -0.0712 \\ -0.4340 & 0.5688 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{C}_{k1}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.1355 & 0.0856 & 0.1789 \\ 0.0311 & 0.0209 & 0.0372 \\ \end{matrix} \right] \\ & {{C}_{k2}}=\left[ \begin{matrix} 0.0110 & 0.0464 & 0.0731 \\ 0.0832 & 0.0622 & 0.0502 \\ \end{matrix} \right]. \\ \end{align} $

      We take the initial conditions $ x_0=[1 \quad 0 \quad-1]^T$, $x_{c0}$ $=$ $[0 \quad 0 \quad 0]^T $ for the simulation purpose and let external disturbance $v(k)=0$. Fig. 2 depicts the state responses for the uncontrolled fuzzy systems, which are unstable. We can see the fact that the closed-loop fuzzy systems are exponentially stable from the Fig. 3.

      Figure 2.  State evolution $x(k)$ of uncontrolled systems.

      Figure 3.  State evolution $x(k)$ of controlled systems.

      In order to illustrate the disturbance-attenuation performance, we take the external disturbance

      $ \begin{align*} v(k)= \begin{cases} 0.3,&20\leq k\leq 30 \\ -0.2,&50\leq k\leq 60 \\ 0,&\hbox{else}. \end{cases} \end{align*} $

      Fig. 4 presents the controller-state evolution $x_c(k)$, Fig. 5 plots the state evolution of the controlled output $z(k)$, and Fig. 6 shows the output feedback controller. From Figs. 3$-$6, one can see that the convergence rate is rapid and effective. By the above simulation results, we can draw the conclusion that our theoretical analysis to the robust $H_\infty$ fuzzy-control problem is right completely.

      Figure 4.  Output feedback controller $x_c(k)$.

      Figure 5.  Controlled output $z(k)$.

      Figure 6.  Output feedback controller $u(k)$.

      Remark 2: The above simulation is performed on the basis of the software MATLAB 7.0 and the cone-complementarity linearization algorithm may takes several minutes because of choosing initial feasible set.

    • In this paper, we establish general networked systems model with multiple time-varying random communication delays and multiple missing measurements as weil as the random missing control and discuss its robust $H_\infty$ fuzzy-output feedback-control problem. The proposed system model includes parameter uncertainties, multiple stochastic time-varying delays, multiple missing measurements, and stochastic control input missing. The control strategy adopts the parallel distributed compensation. We obtain the sufficient conditions on the robustly exponential stability of the closed-loop T-S fuzzy-control system by using the CCL algorithm and the explicit expression of the desired controller parameters. An illustrative simulation example further shows that the fuzzy-control method to the proposed new control model is feasible and the new control model can be used for future applications. Whether to construct piecewise Lyapunov functions [8] to solve the proposed control model or not is an interesting topic and in active thought.

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